Causes of the American Revolution
Angela Cox 1763-1766
The Navagational Acts were efforts for making mercantilism a daily thing. The colonists had to follow 2 rules when trading which were to buy and sell goods only through England and they could only use England's ships. The most significant impact was resentment against the mother country.
The Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was created after the French and Indian War. King George III issued the proclamation so the Natives wouldn't attack the colony. Even thought the proclamation was issued, the colonists didnt follow it because they didn't want the Britsish to control them.
The Stamp Act taxed all the paper goods in the colony. This was created so England could pay the debt from the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act Congress got together to discuss writing a letter to the king to stop the act of taxation. King George III stopped the Stamp Act, but approved the Declaratory Act making Parliament take full control.
In response to the Stamp Act, Britain sent over more troops. Due to this, the soldiers were allowed to stay in colonist's houses. The major issues were that having a soldier was expensive and they didn't like having soldiers being able to search their house. The writs of assistance is what let the soldiers search the houses, it was simply a blank search warrant.
The items that were imported and taxed were paper, glass, and tea. The Daughters of Liberty responded to this act by making their own cloth instead of buying from the British. Even though the Townshend Act was repealed, tea was still taxed to show that England could still tax. The Sons of Loberty responded this by attacking soldiers and tax collector's houses.
On March 5, 1770 a crowd surrounded a man arguing with a soldier, and more soldiers came when the crowd became an angry mob. The crowd started throwing snowballs and shots were fired, five people died that night. John Adams and other colonists used this incident as a propaganda. After the Boston Massacare, John Adams thought that all citizens had the right for trial by jury.
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act was when the British East India Company could only sell tea to the colonies. Even though the prices of tea were lower, the colonists were unhappy because they didn't want to pay imported taxes. The Sons of Liberty responded to this by dressing up like Indians and throwing the tea overboard.
The colonists called this act the Intolerbale Act. Four laws were enforced as a result of this act which were, no meetings, Britain got control of the colony, no trading with Boston and Britain, and no trading with the other colonies. The other colonies' economy was affected by this and it stirred revolutionary spirit throughout the colonies.
This war was between the colonies and Britain about independence. Since the other colonies weren't allowed to trade with Boston that was a social cause for the American Revolution. Some British economic policies that led to the American Revolution are the taxation on tea, and taxation on paper. I think colonists in Boston were justified by other colonists when declaring independence from England.