Making A Nation

How did the face of Victoria change in this period?

Toorak college

The school began in 1874 as a boys' school in Toorak, a suburb of Melbourne, but moved to its current location at Mount Eliza in 1928, as an independent school for girls.

Toorak College takes its name from the township of Toorak, where it was originally a boys' school. on Wednesday, 21 January1874. At first, classes were held in the brick hall of St John's Presbyterian Church in Jackson Street, Toorak, but the school soon moved into a special building nearby in Douglas Street. The founding principle was John Stevens Miller, aScot, who had been involved in several schools since his arrival in Victoria, in 1854.

Toorak College was a very small school when its next Principal, Ellen Blundell Pye, arrived late in 1899. She encouraged the playing of a range of sports such as tennis, basketball, athletics, cricket and rowing. The number of students slowly increased and a sense of spirit was expressed in The Games Song written during this period. The originalbuilding and the Red House, built by Pye to house junior boarders, still stand in Douglas Street as part of Glamorgan School, now the Toorak campus of Geelong Grammar School. Toorak College is now located above Port Phillip Bay in Mt Eliza, a town approximately forty kilometers south of Melbourne and is benefited by many students all around the Mornington Peninsula.

Face of Victoria in 1800s

Millions of people from all over the world have made Australia their home. Their lives and experiences have influenced all aspects of Australian life. In particular, the new arrivals, or immigrants, have contributed significantly to the working life of Australia—from goldfields, the sugar cane fields, Vineyards and construction sites through farms and pearling lugers to factories, fashion, cafés and many other business. Eventually, the arrival of people from different areas created a cultural diversity that is now an important part of Australian society and identity. The docklands of Sydney, Melbourne and Fremantle were the main arrival points for people arriving in the colonies from the early 1800s.

The development of the port towns of the far north - Brisbane, Townsville and Cairns, from the mid-1800s, owed much to the commercial shipping and trading companies. Australia's trade across the Pacific and with China for incense, spices and tea was characterized by the use of Pacific Island labour. Pacific Islanders and Chinese arrivals contributed significantly to the social and economic development of the places where they lived and worked.

In the 1800s, British and Irish settlers dominated the complex and diverse societies in the colonies. This extended beyond the legal, civil and political systems. British pastimes, cultural activities and religious practices dominated. However, different attitudes about class, the roles of men and women, workers, the poor and racial mixing contributed to a society that was different to the ones that were left behind in Britain and Ireland. This was evident in the involvement, arguments and experience of the miners at the Eureka stockade during the Gold rushes in the 1850s.