Jiwon L. per. 3


Vietnam is a very beautiful country slightly bigger than New Mexico. Its long eastern border touches the Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, and Gulf of Thailand. It has two major rivers, the Red River, and Mekong River, so they have lots of fishes. They have lots of farming land, and they grow rice, sugarcane, cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, bananas, and coffee. Their monsoons bring wet and dry seasons. They have about 80 million populations, biggest population of Southeast Asia, and have about 50 ethnic groups. Their capital is Hanoi which is very beautiful and colorful at night. Their major export is crude oil and major import is machinery. Their area is 128,066 sq. mi. They have lots of forests which gives lots of wood.



Vietnam's land is 329,560 sq. km. It is slightly larger than New Mexico. Its long eastern border touches the Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea, and the Mekong River. It has many farming land and grows rice, sugarcane, cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, bananas, and coffee. They also have many trees, so they have lots of wood. They have two major rivers which are, the Red River, and the Mekong River, so with that they have lots of fishes. They have monsoons that bring wet and dry seasons to their country.


They have about 80 million populations in Vietnam; it has the most populations in Southeast Asia. Out of the 80 million, only 85% are Vietnamese. Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with about 50 ethnic groups in all. Most are Buddhists and belong to the Vietnamese ethnic group. And the rest are other Asian ethnic groups. The main language spoken is Vietnamese but Chinese, English, and French are also spoken. They have a very rich culture made by many different civilizations throughout the history.

Government /Citizenship

Vietnam is a communist country and it is the only legal political party. Their largest urban area is Ho Chi Minh which was named after the country's first communist leader, for it used to be called Saigon.  Vietnam's ancestors came from China more than 2,000 years ago. From late 1800s to mid-1950s Vietnam was under French rule and it got independence from France on September 2nd, 1954. The communist took over the north and the american-supported government ruled the south. In 1960, they fought against each other which led to the Vietnam War. More than 2.5 million Americans fought against the communists and they even withdrew their forces in 1973, although in two years, the communists took over the south. So now the Vietnam is communist. Now days, the communist leaders allowed in Western ideas, businesses, and tourists. They now also control the country less strictly, and with that, they hope to raise Vietnam’s standard of living.


By far, rice is the leading crop. The Mekong and Red river deltas are among the world's greatest rice-growing regions, for it gives the rice much water. Fishing and aquaculture comprise an important industry. Marine products are a major export, especially shrimp. Rubber is also important. Timbers are still substantial, mainly in the north, although, they are cutting off too many trees which are causing a serious problem. Most of the country’s mineral resources are in the north. Vietnam produces many coals. Any offshore oil and gas deposits exist in southern waters, and crude oil is an important export. The major exports are crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, and shoes. Their major imports are machinery and equipment. Vietnam mostly trades with China, Singapore, U.S., Japan, and South Korea.