Ancient Greece

700 B.C. to 212 B.C.

Alexander's Empire

Topic 1: Alexander, took the throne in 336 B.C. , he vowed to complete the plans of his father. He included persia which lay across the Aegean sea.

Topic 2: After three grueling years of warfare and three decisive battles, Alexander smashed the persian armies at the Tigris River and Conquered the mighty persian empire, including the legendary city of Babylon. For many, of the Greeks, this victory marked a moment of sweet revenge against a biller foe.

Topic 3: Alexander ruled on empire. Never the less ,his ambitions were not satisfied conquered egypt and founded a city at the mouth of the Nile River. THis city, which he named Alexandria after himself became a comopolitan, diverse, bustling center of trade,the arts, and the ideas.

Greek thinkers

Socrates was a man the loved philosophy, and he lived in Athens and had spent most of his time teaching. He didn’t leave any written record of all his beliefs.These writings told about socrates was a harsh critic of the sophists. Today, many university professors use the socratic method when they teach. Some Athenian leaders believed that the socratic method was dangerous. Aristotle was another great thinker of ancient greece. He wrote more than zoo works on topics such as government, astronomy, and political science. He was interested in science. He carefully observed stars, planets, and animals. He studied and compared the governments of different city-states and hoped to find the best political systems. In his book politics, Aristotle divided governments into three types.

Plato was a classical greek philosopher he was born in a wealthy family to Ariston and Perictione. He has 2 older brothers and a sister. Born circa 428 B.C.E., ancient greek philosopher plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy,theology, cosmology, epistemology, and the philosophy of language. Plato founded the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the western world. He died in Athens circa 348 B.C.E.

Hellistic culture

Hellenistic culture is now considered to be a mixture of Ancient Greece, Near East, Middle East, and Southwest Africa because of the kingdoms that emerged during the Hellenistic period.

Hellenistic mathematics came from the joining of Greek, Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics. During this period, Alexandria, Egypt was the main learning center. Most mathematical writings from this era have been found in Greece, Egypt, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Sicily.

This era showed “New Comedy”, which were comedies about the lives of everyday citizens. Comedy was the primary focus in theatre of the Hellenistic period, unlike former eras where tragedies were showed often. When Ancient Rome emerged, the theatre in the Hellenistic era influenced its comedy.

Dionysus

  • dionysus-God of the grape harvest,winemaking and wine, ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in greek mythology.

  • He may have been worshipped as early as 1500-1100 B.C.

  • He was worshipped by Mycenaean Greeks and at Minoan Crete.

  • Some of his cults were known as Thracian

  • He was the last god accepted into Olympus the youngest and the only one with a mortal mother.

  • His festivals were the driving force of greek theatre.

  • The first time people saw him was when he was a mature male in a robe with a fennel staff with a pine cone on top called a Thyrsus.

  • His parents were Zeus and Semele

  • Hera was jealous so she convinced Semele to get Zeus to show her his true form.

  • Semele made Zeus swear on the river Styx and when he showed her she died instantly.

  • Zeus rescued Dionysus and Zeus stitched him into his thigh.

  • Hera jealous that Dionysus still lived gave him to the titans who ripped him apart.

  • Later a girl brought him back to life.