generations of computers
WHAT ARE THE 5 GENERATIONS OF COMPUTER!
THE COMPUTER IN THE 1ST GENERATION
THE COMPUTER IN THE 2ND GENERATION
THE COMPUTERS IN THE 3RD GENERATION
In the third generation integrated circuits were invented and replaced transistors, (1964-1970). Instead of punched cards and printouts, users interacted with third generation computers through keyboards and monitors and interfaced with an operating system, which allowed the device to run many different applications at one time with a central program that monitored the memory. Computers for the first time became accessible to a mass audience because they were smaller and cheaper than their predecessors.
THE COMPUTER IN THE 4TH GENRATION
In the first generation, filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand. The Intel 4004 chip, developed in 1971, located all the components of the computer—from the central processing unit and memory to input/output controls—on a single chip.
In 1981 IBM introduced its first computer for the home user, and in 1984 Apple introduced the Macintosh. Microprocessors also moved out of the realm of desktop computers and into many areas of life as more and more everyday products began to use microprocessors.
As these small computers became more powerful, they could be linked together to form networks, which eventually led to the development of the Internet.