Life in the South

Political Structure

The Southerners were a part of the democratic party.

Social Structure

4 million blacks

5.5 million whites

Two-thirds of southerners owned no slaves at all

Poor people were called "crackers"

  • lived on isolated farms
  • spin, weave, house labor
  • less access to education

Plain Folk

  • owned own land
  • may own a few slaves
  • limited education
  • wealthy

Economic Structure

  • few southerners saw a need for industrial development
  • cotton was major crop
  • one-tenth of southerners lived in urban areas
  • no large cities
  • "peculiar institution"
  • 80% of the labor force worked on farms

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