Climate Change: Fact or Fiction? by E. D'Ambrosio
Climate change is one of those topics that everyone will have their opinion on. It has been a big controversy about whether it exists or not. According to the World Meteorological Organization, “Much of the extreme weather that wreaked havoc in Asia, Europe and the Pacific region last year can be blamed on human-induced climate change…” Now there are also scientists who believe that climate change doesn’t exist at all. Now climate is defined as the “average weather” in a place. This is where the human-induced part comes in. Many gasses that are used in factories, homes, etc. are swirling around the air. When they come in contact with greenhouse gasses they can “change” the temperature of the surface of that certain area and cause a big weather catastrophe. You’re probably wondering, Well if the gasses are always in the air, why aren’t horrible weather catastrophes happening everywhere? This is where greenhouse gasses get thrown in the mix now, when large amounts of greenhouse gasses get released, they absorb the rays of the sun. When mixed with all of the other gasses it causes such a change in the temperature, and that is how the weather catastrophes happen. Many people have made discoveries that would prove that it doesn’t exist such as Owen Paterson, who is the Secretary of State for the Environment. He believes that weather and climate have nothing to do with each other, and he even went as far as to say that it might not even exist. So no matter what everyone has their opinion. Not every science mystery can be solved.
Barrel Racing: The Cowgirl Version of Fast and Furious
Barrel racing is the cowgirl version of Fast and Furious! Originally, Barrel Racing was a women’s event. It started out as a figure-eight with two barrels and then became the pattern we know today as a clover leaf pattern with three barrels. In the early 1930’s it was horsemanship and showmanship that won the contest. Today it is all about speed! In barrel racing where the winner can be determined by thousandths of a second, the relationship between you and your horse is crucial. The horse’s athleticism and mental condition and the rider’s horsemanship skills and quick thinking are put to the test as they maneuver through a clover leaf pattern at top speed. A standard barrel pattern should only take 17 seconds to complete if you want to be competitive and win any money.
The course consists of barrels placed in a triangle in the middle of an arena. The rider races into the arena with the timer starting when the team crosses the start line. You must complete a cloverleaf pattern with either one left turn and two right turns or vise versa. The timer stops after completing the clover leaf pattern and racing across the finish line. The horse and rider that puts up the best time which requires tight turns, explosive speed and no overturned barrels wins. If you knock over a barrel you will either receive a five second penalty or be disqualified.
Modern day barrel racing is getting tougher and more competitive. Horses are being bred specifically for their ability to run fast and turn hard. Today barrel racing has grown into a multimillion dollar industry.
I have been riding horses since I was three years old and started Barrel Racing when I was nine. I have qualified for the BBR World Finals 3 times and was the 2014 Cowgirls Rodeo Association Youth Champion. I have great horses that have allowed me to win numerous buckles, saddles and other prizes. I love barrel racing and hope to someday make it to the American and the NFR.
By C. Wilson
Spring Fashion by Scarlett O.
Hey NMVA roadrunners readers, Scarlett here. For this month’s issue, the theme is spring! Do you have favorite spring clothing item? I do! Some of my favorite spring items are sandals, shorts, overalls, maxi dresses, maxi skirts, midi dresses, skater dresses, high-low skirts and skater skirts. I also really like my spring look to have floral patterns and prints. Would you like to add to a simple, and springy, yet affordable outfit to your closet? Here are two outfits for you guys and gals that you can look like springy any day.
The girls similar look:
(All from Forever 21)
Overalls: Buttoned Overall Shorts: $29.90 http://www.forever21.com/Product/Product.aspx?Br=F21&Category=Jumpsuit_Romper&ProductID=2000114723&VariantID=&recid=product_rr-_-2000060385-_-2000114723-_-613-_-3
Shoes: Classic Canvas Plimsolls:$12.90 http://www.forever21.com/Product/Product.aspx?Br=F21&Category=21items_Fshoes&ProductID=2000079380&VariantID=&recid=product_rr-_-2073106027-_-2000079380-_-613-_-3
The boys similar look:
(From Forever 21 and Converses.)
Any pair of sneakers will go with the overalls and shorts. For the skirts and dresses, wedges or sneakers as well!
That’s it for this time. Until next time… GO ROADRUNNERS!
Techin with Brendan
Imagine having to make through various obstacles in a plane that can only do loops, well you can do just that in Retry. Created by Rovio Entertainment, the people who made the famous Angry Birds apps.
What makes this stand out from the other obstacle dodging games is the fact that your plane only flies in loops. If you hold the throttle, you plane will stay looping, but if you tap you can get it to move forward. At first it seems like a very weird way to fly, but it soon becomes smooth and you manage to navigate flawlessly.
If you still struggle throughout playing, don’t fret, because there are landing strips scattered throughout the map that you can “unlock” with coins you get throughout the course. When you eventually crash, you can “retry” from the latest airstrip you unlocked-hence the name. This makes it much easier to get through the harder maps.
The app runs extremely smooth, even on older phones like mine. Rarely would I run into problems, sometimes would it not pick up me using the throttle making me crash.
Overall this is an amazing app, you can open it for a quick fix, or play it for while. It is very easy to get the hang of, but does not go too easy on you; there are extremely hard levels. There are minimal bugs in Retry, and it plays amazingly. I give this awesome app a nine out of ten.
April 5, 1856 Booker T. Washington’s Birthday
Booker T. Washington was born in Franklin County, Virginia on a slave plantation. He was born in the plantation kitchen. He lived with his mother the plantation cook and his brother and sister until they were freed by the Civil War. Booker T. Washington became a very loved man during his times by both white and black because he did not push for civil rights. He told the blacks to let the rights come to him and work hard but not work for those rights and not push their luck.
Booker T. was an educator, author, orator, and political leader. When Booker T. was little he dreamed about going to school in his autobiography he wrote, “I had no schooling whatever while I was a slave; though I remember on several occasions I went as far as the schoolhouse door with one of my young mistresses to carry her books. The picture of several dozen boys and girls in a schoolroom engaged in study made a deep impression upon me, and I had the feeling that to get into a schoolhouse and study in this way would be about the same as getting into paradise.” When Booker T. Washington finally found a way to get to school he was a top student and he loved to study. So of course when someone told him about a college for blacks in Hampton, Virginia he did everything he could to get there. Finally he did and he impressed his professors. So it happens that when the president of Hampton was asked to recommend somebody to head a new training institute for blacks in Tuskegee, Alabama Booker T. was the one to get the recommendation.
When Booker T. got the word that he was wanted to become the head of the Tuskegee school he was thrilled he would love to educate people while having a job to support his family. When booker T. Washington went to take the job neither side knew what to expect the vast majority of the teachers in the institute were white northerners and they expected the person to head the Hampton college would be a white too. Booker T. did not know what to expect either he thought that there would be a facility all ready for him to teach equipped with learning tools and equipment. What Booker T. got he explained as, “This building was in such bad repair that whenever it rained, one of the older students would kindly leave his lessons and an umbrella over me while I heard the recantations of the others.” Booker T. went right to work he dug ditches, chopped trees, and cleared land. Some short years later the Tuskegee institute had some huge number of buildings in perfect repair. Booker T. Washington was a national hero, but some blacks began to argue his morals they were Americans and wanted to be treated with equal justice and go to school with whites, ride busses with whites and even just go to the same restaurant. Booker T. Washington told blacks to be satisfied to work hard and get jobs. This made him popular with many people but what some wanted to do was just stamp the evil Jim Crow into the ground they did not want to just sit around and wait Jim Crow was not going to just disappear.
Special: Prom Fashion and Accessories by Scarlett O.
Hey NMVA Roadrunner readers, Scarlett here. This month’s theme is Prom fashion! Here are some inexpensive dream dresses, tuxedos and accessories! This theme for New Mexico Victual’s Academy’s prom this year is Masquerade! Here are two inexpensive looks for guys and gals. The following include: some inexpensive masks, corsages, clutches, dresses, heels and tuxedos for you lovely readers!
For the girls;
Dress (purple and long): http://www.promgirl.com/shop/dresses/viewitem-PD968332
Dress (short and pink):http://www.promgirl.com/shop/dresses/viewitem-PD1289461
Clutch (silver): http://www.walmart.com/ip/Magid-Sequined-Evening-Clutch/38398406
Heels (pink): http://www.nastygal.com/shoes/shoe-cult-adore-heel--pink
For the guys:
Boutonnière (purple): http://www.teleflora.com/flowers/bouquet/fresh-in-fuchsia-boutonniere-372848p.asp
Boutonnière (pink): http://www.teleflora.com/flowers/bouquet/rose-simplicity-boutonniere-372811p.asp
Menu Item: Entree
A Southwestern staple, the taco is made with a corn tortilla fried into a crescent shape and filled with meats, cheese or beans, and fresh chopped lettuce, onions, tomatoes and cheese.
- 2 lbs ground beef or chicken
- 2 cups or 1 16 oz jar green chile sauce
- 6 flour, corn or hard shell tortillas
- 2/3 cup grated cheese
- 2/3 cup shredded lettuce
- 2/3 cup chopped tomatoes
- 2/3 cup chopped onions
- 1/2 cup sour cream
Cook ground beef or chicken and strain. Add green chile sauce and simmer on medium heat. Salt and pepper to taste. Add meat to soft flour, corn or hard shell tortillas. Top with grated cheese, lettuce, diced tomatoes, onions and sour cream.
Makes 6 servings.
Menu Item: Side Dish
Green Chile Chicken Stew
- 1 pound chicken tender or chicken breast meat cut into 1/4 pieces
- 1 quart chicken broth
- 3 cups medium size red potatoes cut into 1/2 cubes
- 1 16 oz jar green chile sauce
- 1 tbsp vegetable oil
- 1 1/2 cup whole kernel corn
- 1/4 cup all purpose flour
- 1 tbsp granulated garlic
- 1/2 tsp salt
- 1/2 tsp pepper
Pre-cook potatoes in boiling water for 10 minutes, then cool. Heat oil in 1 gallon pot or larger. Add chicken and stir until completely cooked. Add flour and stir well. Add chicken broth and stir well. Bring to a boil. Add garlic, corn, green chile sauce and potatoes. Reduce heat and simmer for 5 minutes. Salt and pepper to taste.
Makes 8 servings.
Menu Item: Dessert
The word empanada comes from the Spanish verb empanar, meaning to wrap or coat in bread. These delicious little pastries are made by wrapping a round dough pastry in half over a filling of meat, seafood, vegetable or fruits to make a semicircle and baked or fried. Empanadas are a delicious holiday tradition in many New Mexican homes.
- 1 stick butter
- 1 1/2 cups flour
- 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
- 1/4 teaspoon cider vinegar
- 2 tablespoons very cold water or milk
- 1 tablespoon oil
- 1 egg, beaten with 2 tbs. water
- 4-oz. cream cheese at room temperature
- 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
- 2-lb pork
- 1/2 teaspoon allspice
- 2 cups chopped raisins
- 1 teaspoon nutmeg
- 2 cups applesauce
- 1 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
- 2 cups sugar
- 1 cup pinon nuts or other nuts
Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Using a fork, combine the butter and cream cheese. Sift flour over this mixture. Add baking powder, vinegar and water or milk and combine with fork. With generously floured hands, work the dough until you have a smooth resilient ball. 3 to 4 minutes, but keep working the flour into the other ingredients until the dough suddenly holds together. Flour both the table and your rolling pin. Roll out dough and cut out circles. Oil cookie sheets and place circles or sheets, add 1 heaping teaspoon of filling and carefully fold over and crimp with fork and moistening the edge with egg glaze. Bake in preheated oven for 10 to 15 minutes or until golden brown.
Boil pork. When thoroughly cooked, put in food processor until meat is shredded. Add Raisins, applesauce, sugar, nuts and spices. Mix well and proceed with direction in Empanada Pastry recipe.