By: Drew Gilbert, Yosi Almanza, Landon Turner
The Start Of The Utopian Society
Between 1820 and 1860 over 100,000 men, women, and children went out on a search for a perfect society with experimental ideas on how communities should work.
It was founded in 1824 in Indiana by Robert Owen. It didn't succeed due to lack of harmony among the participants. The society didn't base their beliefs of religion but communal living and progressive system of education. They believed that there should be an equality among genders. The lasted less than three years due to lack of strong central beliefs.
It was founded by George Ripley in 1841 in Massachusetts. It was noted as a transcendental literary and intellectual haven. It exposed the people in the society to harmony with nature, communal living, and hard work. Many of the transcendentalist supported the community but did not join the society. The society collapsed in 1846 due to a huge fire. The Brook Farm community was influential in fights for abolition, women's rights, and labor rights.
The Shaker Movement
It was located in various states and was very popular. It was started in England in 1747 and was led by Ann Lee. Lee and her followers moved to America in 1774 in which the community rapidly grew. The community believed in absolute celibacy. Unlike most of the Utopian community there is still a few shakers left.
Kelly, Martin. "5 Major Utopian Movements in the US." About. Martin Kelly, Nov.-Dec. 2014. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "Transcendentalism, Religion, and Utopian Movements" StudyNotes.org. StudyNotes, Inc., 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.