Down Syndrom

Ivanna Bustos

Causes how the child gets it.

When that egg unites with a normal sperm to form an embryo, the embryo ends up with three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two.

Symptoms/ characteristics

  • Decreased or poor muscle tone
  • Short neck, with excess skin at the back of the neck
  • Flattened facial profile and nose
  • Small head, ears, and mouth
  • Upward slanting eyes, often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye
  • White spots on the colored part of the eye (called Brushfield spots)
  • Wide, short hands with short fingers
  • A single, deep, crease across the palm of the hand
  • A deep groove between the first and second toes
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There is no single, standard treatment for Down syndrome. Treatments are based on each individual's physical and intellectual needs as well as his or her personal strengths and limitations.1 People with Down syndrome can receive proper care while living at home and in the community

Life expectancy

70 years of age. more or less then 70 years.

Important facts

  • There are 3 different types of down syndrome
  1. Trisomy 21
  2. Translocation
  3. Mosaicism
  • 80% of children with Down syndrome are born to women under 35 years of age.
  • Occurs 1 out of 800 births
  • 40,000 people have down syndrome 5,000 births per year
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