Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Everything You Need to Know About Your Disease

General Information

Type 2 Diabetes has to do with the body not using insulin properly. Insulin is the hormone made by the pancreas which keeps your blood sugar levels stabilized. When food is eaten, glucose, or sugar in the food is taken into the bloodstream to give energy to your cells. Insulin is needed to signal cells to take in the sugar, which ultimately lowers you blood glucose levels. In the body of a Type 2 diabetic, insulin cannot signal this action. Therefore, blood glucose levels remain high, which is dangerous as it can lead to other problems in the body. Though this disease does not yet have a cure, it can be treated. Also, it is very common. It is important to educate yourself on this disease in order to maintain your health.

Signs and Symptoms

Including but not limited to:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent Urination
  • Blurry Vision
  • Irritability
  • Frequent exhaustion
  • Slow healing/Frequent Infections
  • Tingling and numbness in hands/feet
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increased hunger

Guide to Staying Healthy

  • Check blood sugar ever 3-6 hours or after every meal!
  • Exercise! Staying active is an essential part in maiming a healthy life, especially for a diabetic because it helps to maintain your cholesterol and glucose levels.
  • Follow dietary guideline made by your dietitian! Avoid eating too much sugar and keep everything in moderation.
  • Know the difference between good and bad foods. To learn about these, consult your dietitian.

Treatment Options

  • Exercising regularly!
  • Eating healthy
  • Blood sugar monitoring
  • Insulin Injections/Therapy (not all will need this)