Nepal Earthquake 2015
THE DAY THE EARTH SHOOK.
About the Nepal earthquake:
The April 2015 Nepal earthquake (also known as theGorkha earthquake) killed more than 8,800 people and injured more than 23,000. It occurred at 11:56 NST on 25 April, with a magnitude of 7.8.
Causes of the earthquake:
As the Indian subcontinent pushes against Eurasia, pressure is released in the form of earthquakes. The reason is the regular movement of the fault line that runs along Nepal’s southern border, where the Indian subcontinent collided with the Eurasia plate 40 million to 50 million years ago. As the plates push against each other, friction generates stress and energy that builds until the crust ruptures, said Dr. Chan, who compared the quake to a thermonuclear weapons explosion.
Casualities and destructions caused:
Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened, many districts of the country. Centuries-old buildings were destroyed at UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Kathmandu Valley, including some at the Kathmandu DurbarSquare, the Patan Durbar Squar, the Bhaktapur Durbar Square, the Changu NarayanTemple and the Swayambhunath Stupa.
Step 1: Know the Risks and Get Prepared
During an earthquake:
If you are indoors: “DROP, COVER AND HOLD ON”
- Stay inside.
- Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture.
- Cover your head and torso to prevent being hit by falling objects.
- Hold on to the object that you are under so that you remain covered. Be prepared to move with the object until the shaking has finished.
- If you can't get under something strong, or if you are in a hallway, flatten yourself or crouch against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms.
If you are outdoors:
- Stay outside.
- Go to an open area away from buildings. The most dangerous place is near exterior walls.
- If you are in a crowded public place, take cover where you won't be trampled.
CHALLENGES FACED BY THE RESCUE TEAM:
Governments across the globe have deployed emergency assistance following Nepal's deadliest earthquake in nearly a century. But response teams face increasing difficulties as the death toll continued to rise. Aid groups and governments intensified efforts to help Nepal on Sunday after a 7.8 magnitude earthquake devastated the capital Kathmandu and surrounding areas the day before.
European, Asian and North American governments sent emergency response teams to Nepal as the country struggles to cope with the disaster. However, blocked roads, collapsed buildings, and continuing aftershocks pose major setbacks for emergency crews searching for survivors in the capital and cut-off rural areas.