Literary Elements Project

By: Madison Choi

The Tell-Tale Heart

1st POV - I, me, I’m, my, we, us ,ours, ourself

Example: I made up my mind to take the life of the old man, and thus rid myself of the eye forever.

This is very important to have any type of point of view in a story, because then the reader knows who you are referring to in the story.

Dramatic Irony - When the audience understands what’s going to happen, but the characters have know idea.

Example: I then took up three planks from the flooring of the chamber, and deposited all between the scantlings.

The audience knew that the dead man's heart is under the wood plank,mans we also knew that the killer was in the room when the police didn't.

Protagonist: Narrator

Antagonist: The Old Man


Motif - an idea, place, theme, etc. being repeated throughout the story (helps create mood)

Example: Wednesday and Thursday was a routine

This shows that the misbehaviour was repetitive.

Verbal Irony - when the character is meaning the opposite of what they say

Example: "Yes," I said laughing, "you must have your hands full in that kindergarten with Charles. " "Charles?" She said. "We don't have any Charles in the kindergarten."

Laurie's mom thought that there was a Charles in the kindergarten, but Laurie had made it up.

Situational Irony - when the outcome is the opposite of what is supposed to be intended.

Example: "Did you learn anything?" his father asked. Laurie regarded his father coldly. "I didn't learn nothing," he said.

This can be situational irony because at school you are supposedly learn about things but in this case, Charles didn't learn anything.

Dialect - a language or the way of writing in a similar kind of speech.

Example: "For being fresh."

This is dialect because "fresh" isn't the same way we use it today, so it was a different time period.

Protagonist: Laurie's Parents

Antagonist: Charles

Flowers For Algernon

Epiphany - when a character suddenly realizes something that changes their understanding of something

Example: "- dissection shows that my predictions were right. His brain was decreased in weight and there was a general smoothing cut of the cerebral convolutions as well as a deepening and broadening of brain fissures. "

This shows that Charlie's theory about him dying in the future is true.

Plot - the storyline, plan, scheme, main story, play, etc.

Example: "Progris Riport 1 marten 3"

This is one of many journal entries. Charlie tells his story through journals and writing which brings us through the whole story. (Plot)

Protagonist: Charlie

Antagonist: Dr. Strauss

Dinner Party

Foreshadowing - a warning or indication of a future event

Example: "A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who insists that women have outgrown the jumping-on-a-chair-at-the-sight-of-a-mouse era."

This is foreshadowing because the girl is telling us something about women and having self control.

Tone - the author's mood towards something

Example: "She is staring straight ahead , her muscles contracting slightly. With a slight gesture she summons the native boy standing behind her chair and whispers to him. The boy's eyes widen: he quickly leaves the room.

The tone of the author is very curious, anxious, and surprised.

Denouement - the solution to a problem

Example - "when, out of the corner of his eye, he sees the cobra emerge and make for the bowl of milk. Screams ring out as he jumps to slam the veranda door safely shut. "

The problem was solved when the American shut the veranda doors and locked the snake outside.

Protagonist: The American

Antagonist: The cobra

The Sniper

Denotation - a symbol/special word that represents the meaning of something else

Example: " A man who is used to looking at death. "

This tells us that he was in the war, and that he sees people die everytime.

Connotation - an additional meaning that represents a word or phrase. (Negative and positive words)

Example: " Here and there through the he city, machine guns and rifle broke the silence of the night, spasmodically, like dogs barking on lone farms. Republicans and Free Staters were waging a Civil War. "

There are many negative words in this story because everyone dies and people getting killed.

Protagonist: The Sniper

Antagonist: The Enemy Forces