Inuit Housing and Diet

Covered in Detail Below

Inuit Housing

  • Inuits were nomads and needed houses that could be set up and taken down fast.
  • Igloos could be built in 20-30 minutes and taken down in the same amount of time
  • They slept on ice blocks or mounds covered in fur as beds.
  • Igloos are certainly warmer than outside but they were surprisingly very strong and stable.
  • Inuits did have other types of houses in the summer.
  • They were like the teepees in the great plains, made of wood and skins.
  • Wood was hard to come by so it was re-used and kept in good condition.
  • Another tribe that lived slightly to the west called the Inuvialuit were quite rich in resources and they lived in permanent log and sod houses.
  • The log and sod houses were constructed by digging a shallow hole the size of the houses and then placing logs vertically at an incline and then piling sod over them for insulation.
  • Inhabitants of the log and sod houses were kept warm with fire.
Big image
Big image
Big image

Inuit Diet

  • The Inuits had many limiting factors and obstacles that made food a valued comodity
  • Inuits never relied on the small amount of plants that grew in the arctic.
  • These are several types of animals hunted land, sea, and sky: Seals , beluga whales,narwhals, walruses, polar bears, musk oxen, arctic foxes, arctic birds, and arctic hares.
  • Inuits had one year round food source, the ringed seal, however hunting patterns changed with the seasons.
  • December to March: It is hard to find breathing holes in the thick ice but there are still some.

    April to June: It is breeding season so seal pups are hunted during this period.

    July to September: Most seals were hunted during this season as breathing holes are easy to find and the population has risen because breeding season was recent.

    October to November: Breathing holes are still easy enough to find however the ice is starting to freeze over.

  • The Inuits general lifestyle was rough and active, calling for them to take in extra calories, the food available to them provided them with plenty of protein, calcium , and fat. The source of vitamin C in their diet still puzzles scientists, but inuits are also said to be much healthier than average.

Big image
Big image