FOOD CHAINS

What are the relationships between plants AND animals?

Food chains show a food relationship among plants and animals in a specific area or environment. This could be terrestrial or in an aquatic environment.


  • Terrestrial organisms are found on land habitats such as deserts, grasslands, and forests.
  • Aquatic organisms are found in water habitats such as ponds, marshes, swamps, rivers, and oceans.
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  • A food chain begins with a green plant usually!
  • Explanation of the owl food chain:
  1. The plant is the producer
  2. the insect eats the plant
  3. The mouse eats the insect
  4. The owl eats the mouse

Producers → Consumers → Decomposers

Types of Consumers!

Predator vs. Prey relationship

Animals within the food chain can have a predator versus prey relationship. An animal can hunt other animals to get its food is a predator. An animal can be hunted by another animal for food is the prey.