Wound Care

Maddie Miller

Types of Wounds

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Abrasion

  • Occurs when the skin is scraped across a rough surface
  • Characterized by absence of the top layer of skin
  • Often exposed to dirt and other foreign materials, increasing the risk of infection
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Laceration

  • Occurs when a sharp pr pointed object comes on contact with tissue and tears it
  • Characterized by rough, jagged edges
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Incision

  • Occurs when a sharp object strikes the skin
  • Characterized by smooth edges
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Puncture

  • Occurs when a sharp object protrudes the skin
  • Can easily occur during activity, but can be fatal
  • Can introduce tetanus bacillus to the bloodstream
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Avulsion

  • Skin is torn from the body which causes major bleeding
  • Avulsed skin should be covered in moist gauze, placed in a plastics bag, and put on ice
  • Take to hospital fro reattachment

Controlling Bleeding

  1. Apply direct pressure to the wound with gauze
  2. Elevate the affected area above the heart, while continually applying pressure
  3. Apply pressure to one of the pressure points to decrease blood flow to an area

Dressing Wounds

  • sterile dressing
  • antibacterial ointment can be used

Safetey Measures

Universal precautions should be followed at all times: gloves should always be worn and sterile practices should be followed

Stitches should be used when...

  • wounds are deep
  • they cannot easily be pushed back together
  • decision made by a physician
  • action should be taken within 12 hours

Signs of Infection

  1. Pain
  2. Heat
  3. Redness
  4. Swelling
  5. Disordered Function