Battle of Pydna
June 22, 168 BC
What is the Battle of Pydna?
- 3rd Macedonian War
- Continuation of 1st and 2nd Macedonian Wars
- Roughly 38,000 Roman soldiers
- About 44,000 Macedonian soldiers
- Lucius Aemilius Paullus - Roman general
- Perseus - son of Philip V and Macedonian king
Why did the battle occur? What lead to the battle?
- Battle was a continuation of two previous wars between the Macedonians
- Paullus dispatched a section of his forces to attack as a feint
- Perseus is forced to move north to a village just south of Pydna
What happened in the battle?
- Macedonians were gaining on the Romans at first
- Battle lasted one hour
- Broken land messed up Macedonian Phalanx
- Paullus sent elephants to attack Perseus
- Romans short swords were an advantage
Above: The center of the battle
What were the results of the battle?
- Perseus fled from fear with soldiers on horseback
- Rome kills remaining Macedonians
- Rome wins and conquers Greece
- around 25,000 Macedonians killed in total and about 10,000 taken as prisoner
- Rome had 100 men killed and 400 wounded
- Perseus found and humiliated
- Macedonia was finally defeated, they thought
- Rome had around 29,000 soldiers with 34 elephants
- Macedonia had 40,000 soldiers with no elephants
- Lunar eclipse night before battle
- 1/4 of the Macedonian army didn't fight
- Paullus wanted to fight in the afternoon
- Battle of Pydna 148 BC - Roman leader Quintus Caecilius Metellus
Above: Macedonian soldiers colliding with the Roman soldiers
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- Macedonian army and Roman army fighting. Digital image. Visitmeteora. N.p., n.d. Web.
- Romans vs Macedonians. Digital image. Visitmeteora. N.p., n.d. Web.
- "Battle of Pydna." Sussle. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2016.
- "Battle of Pydna | Ancient Roman History." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2016.
- "Battle of Pydna | Ancient Roman History." Ancient History. N.p., n.d. Web.
- Pydna. Digital image. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web.
- Battle of Pydna Overview. Digital image. Livius. N.p., n.d. Web.
"Battle of Pydna." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web. 14 Feb. 2016.
"Third Macedonian War: Battle of Pydna." About.com Education. Web. 14 Feb. 2016.
By: Natalia Bien and Tom Niemann