Autism

By: Brandon Brown

What happens & what part of your body does it affect?

1.Autism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.

2.It affects your brain function.


(Site) - https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwia44uH4dzJAhXuoYMKHWXaD0sQFggbMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.medicinenet.com%2Fscript%2Fmain%2Fart.asp%3Farticlekey%3D179777&usg=AFQjCNE2U9CFHwQk4quiDzsBVu0FNRTxRA&bvm=bv.109910813,d.amc & https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjT0qqX4dzJAhVozIMKHWfQD9cQFggbMAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.autismspeaks.org%2Fwhat-autism%2Ffaq&usg=AFQjCNGvpWdMyl-KiC-FcwS9mLvjBVLqLg&bvm=bv.109910813,d.amc

Description of the symptoms?

For individuals with autism, their social impairments lead to:


  • -Difficulty in understanding what is happening around them
  • -An inability to predict what will happen


(Site) - http://www.autismbedfordshire.net/about-autism/effects-on-the-individual-and-their-family/

What causes Autism & Is It a mutation?

1.There is no known single cause for autism spectrum disorder, but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children. Researchers do not know the exact cause of autism but are investigating a number of theories, including the links among heredity, genetics and medical problems.

2.Autism Could Be Caused by Genetic Mutations in Over 100 Genes, According to New Research. Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder, usually characterized by impediments in language and social development.


(Site) - http://www.autism-society.org/what-is/causes/

How is the disorder inherited?

New research investigates inherited causes of autism.Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are among the most heritable of all neuropsychiatric conditions. Yet, most genetic links to ASD found in recent years have involved de novo mutations, which are not passed from parent to child, but instead arise spontaneously.


(Site) - https://www.broadinstitute.org/news/4624

How is the disorder treated?

This often requires a combined treatment approach that takes advantage of many different types of therapy. Common autism treatments include behavior therapy, speech-language therapy, play-based therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and nutritional therapy.


(Site) - http://www.helpguide.org/articles/autism/helping-children-with-autism.htm

How is the disorder diagnosed?

Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult, since there is no medical test, like a blood test, to diagnose the disorders. Doctors look at the child's behavior and development to make a diagnosis. ASD can sometimes be detected at 18 months or younger.


(Site) - http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/screening.html

How many and what type of people are likely to have the disorder?

Researchers don't know exactly how many people in the United States have ASD.

The latest estimates suggest that:

  • About one out of every 88 children in the United States currently has autism.1
  • About 36,500 of every 4 million children born each year in the United States will have autism.


(SIte) - https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/autism/conditioninfo/Pages/at-risk.aspx

Research Info

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. With the May 2013 publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger