Mughal Empire

By: Aneena Puthenpura

The Beginnings

A Great Empire

The Mughal Empire was located in India, founded in 1526 and ended in 1857. It was founded by Babar, who was one of the rulers of the Empire. The one most known was Akbar, because he did great things for the empire. He extended the land and brought great prosperity in India. The Mughal Empire wasn't harmful like the Mongols, but was seen as big and mighty.


Social Structure

- The Hindu upper class held many of the high rank government posts. They had a virtual monopoly of trade and finance.

- Within the empire, many/most of the people spoke Hindi, partially because the main religion practiced in the empire was Hinduism.

-Females were educated, and many of the wealthy females were privately tutored. Women also, when getting married owed dowry, which was the money they gave to the husbands when marrying them.

- The hierarchy was similar to almost all normal hierarchies. There were nobles and kings at the top, then there came the middle class, such as priests and merchants, and then there is the lower class which were the laborers and farmers.


Political Structure of the Mughal Empire

- Akbar The Great (Muslim emperor) had many great ideas for the Mughal Empire and its government. He continued to expand Mughal Empire's land until he died, through military expansion. He also formed matrimonial alliances.

- Akbar created many alliances which helped his reign of the Mughal Empire. He allied himself with defeated Rajput rulers, and created a central government, bringing them into his admission.

- The system created by Akbar taxed everyone fairly and reasonably.

- The empire was sectioned off into provinces, and within those provinces were governors chosen by the emperor. The provinces were then sectioned off into several villages. Each village had a judge and two officials.

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Interactions for the Better

- For the most part, the empire lived off wheat and rice, but as the Columbian Exchange took place, they received a variety of food, including potatoes, maize, tomatoes and spices.

- During Akbar's reign, he expanded the empire vastly until he died. The Mughal empire extended to Afghanistan in the north, Sindh in the west, Bengal in the east, and the Godavari River in the south.

- The Mughal Empire the one to start many, such as many of the technology. During the time of the empire many tools were made.


The Different Cultures

- Akbar built a temple where he hosted scholars from different religions.

- Akbar wasn't a poet, but he greatly appreciated art and literature, he often built different things

- The Taj Mahal was built as a sign of control, stability, and confidence.

- Within the architectures of the Mughal Empire, many of their fine arts had similar characteristics.

- The Mughal Empire consisted of many religions: Islam in South Asia, and spread of Muslim (particularly Persian) arts and culture as well as the faith. The Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority.


Wealth and Trade Within the Economy

- The Mughal Empire had a population of over 100 million with a thriving trading economy based on cotton cloth, and an efficient administration.

- Akbar's rule gained India wealth and prosperity, during the 16th century. The Mughal Empire faced very little threats and for most of its existence, it had peaceful conditions.

- Foreign trade boomed at the port of Surat in the northwest. The Mughal Empire had no navy, just as the Safavids.

- Mughal Empire encouraged overland trade between Central Asia and India.

- Before Mughal's involvement with the Maritime trade this system was weak and inconvenient.

- The Mughal Empire depended on the trade of cotton cloth

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