Ancient Rome conquered South West Europe including France, Italy and Spain, the northern tips of Africa including Egypt and parts of the Asian Minor. The entire empire surrounds the Mediterranean sea. Rome also has a terrain of mountains, hills, plains and deserts.

Early Republic

In 450 B.C., the first Roman law code was inscribed on 12 bronze tablets–known as the Twelve Tables–and publicly displayed in the Roman Forum. These laws included issues of legal procedure, civil rights and property rights and provided the basis for all future Roman civil law. By around 300 B.C., real political power in Rome was centered in the Senate, which at the time included only members of patrician and wealthy plebeian families.


Ancient Rome later after the Early Republic was ruled under a Republic system of government, where Rome was ruled by a senate of people. All citizens, regardless of their wealth or social class, were made eligible for entry into the Roman army.

Roman Life

The rich Romans lived in beautiful homes. They enjoyed an extravagant lifestyle with extra furnishings, surrounded by servants and slaves to cater their every desire. Poorer Romans lived in shabby homes that could be burnt down at any moment.

Roman Contributions

Roman literature inspired many writers like Shakespeare. Romans also inspired many building ideas with their unique architecture. Roman art has influenced many artists. The Renaissance saw the rebirth of the classical arts.