Anasazi

Maximilian Soyref

Thesis

Despite having great protection with the use of mountains for protection over raiders, the Anasazi had its downfall due to human impact on the environment and a long drought which left people to abandon there homes and complexes.

Background Information

The Anasazi was the best known society of the southwest. They lived in what is today the Four Corners region of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. They were called the Ancient People. This civilization reigned from 100 B.C to A.D 1300.
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Environment

The Anasazi lived around many mountains and there actions towards it were extraordinary. They took advantage of it. From this, they built many cliff dwellings and complexes in which people lived in. These cliff dwellings were built in the late 1100 in the shadow of canyon walls, where the cliffs offered protection from raiders. Since they did eventually give the people protection, this proves that the surrounding mountains were really useful around Anasazi. The Anasazi also dug a large underground chamber used mostly for religious ceremonies. These chambers were called kiva. A very popular thing that happened during the A.D and 1300 was that they built large villages which were later called pueblos. The drought occurred mostly from the lack of water Anasazi environmentally contained.

Trade

The Anasazi traded many things such as animals, pottery, beads, turquoise, and a number of other things. They were locally and regionally trading due to the extraction of turquoise, salt, sand, and because of the hunter-gathering.

Political

The Anasazi was in the middle of the Four Corners which specifically means around the southwest. It was in the region of New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and Utah. However, along with the Anasazi in the region was southern Mogollon, southwestern Hohokam, western Patayan, and northwestern Fremont. A tribe of hunter-gatherers known as the Navajo looked towards the Anasazi as the "Ancient Enemies". Once they came in contact with Anasazi, there was first fighting, then trade, then intermarriage. Later on, the two separate people eventually assimilated and blended in with the Navajo Nation.

Bibliography

  1. Diamond, Jared. "Why Societies Collapse › Science Features (ABC Science)." Why Societies Collapse › Science Features (ABC Science). ABC Science, 17 July 2003. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
  2. Johnson, George. "Land Use History of the Colorado Plateau-The Anasazi "Collapse"" Land Use History of the Colorado Plateau-The Anasazi "Collapse" New York Times, 20 Aug. 1996. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.

    In this article, the author gives good details in which are followed by helpful captioned pictures along with no mistakes in the punctuation. Its been more than a decade however since publication and no update. The author doesn't show his credentials however this information may be trustworthy since its been sponsored by the New York Times Company.

  3. Markowitz, Matthew. "The Ancient Pueblo." The Ancient Pueblo. ICE Case Studies, Aug. 2003. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.

    This information is very reliable because it gives many examples also with the right punctuation and no mistakes. It was published more than a decade ago with no update however it seems that the information does not change from the establishment.

  4. Romano, G. "Anasazi Indians." Anasazi Indians. 1997 Studio CaLion Srl, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.

    For this article, it is reliable because it gives out lots of information on the Anasazi. It involves its politics, environment, and economy. I wasn't able to see what the author does for a living however it is similarly connected to many other books with knowledge of the history of Anasazi.