Infectious & Non-Infectious

by Jade Burdette and Maggie O'Neal

Infectious

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

R.M.S.F. is a disease transmitted by infected ticks that is potentially fatal in North and South America. Symptoms include: fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, and muscle pain. The main treatment is Doxycycline, and is most effective in the first few days.

Whooping Cough

Whooping Cough usually starts with cold-like symptoms: runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, watery/red eyes, dry cough, fever. After 2 weeks the symptoms worsen, they include: red/blue face coloring, extreme fatigue, vomiting, and whooping sound. The only prevention are the T-dap vaccine.

Non-Infectious

Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease)

Coronary heart disease is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart.

Symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations
  • A faster heartbeat
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating

Prevention and Treatments includes quitting smoking, lowering cholesterol, controlling high blood pressure, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising.

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that occurs most of the time before puberty. Most causes for scoliosis is unknown, but some causes are cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy.

Symptoms:

  • Uneven shoulders
  • One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other
  • Uneven waist
  • One hip higher than the other
Treatments:
  • Bracing
  • Surgery
Treatments are based on: the person's age, how much more he/she is likely to grow, the degree and pattern of the curve, and the type of scoliosis.