Ionic Vs Covalent

Darrius Evans

Ionic Bond

  • High Polarity
  • An ionic bond is formed between a metal and a non-metal. Non-metals(-ve ion) are "stronger" than the metal(+ve ion) and can get electrons very easily from the metal. These two opposite ions attract each other and form the ionic bond.
  • No definite shape
  • Ionic bond, also known as electrovalent bond is a type of bond formed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. These kinds of bonds occur mainly between a metallic and a non metallic atom.
  • High Melting Point
  • Examples. Sodium Chloride, Sulphuric Acid.
  • Room Temperature- Solid
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Covalent Bond

  • Low Polarity
  • A covalent bond is formed between two non-metals that have similar electronegativities. Neither atom is "strong" enough to attract electrons from the other. For stabilization, they share their electrons from outer molecular orbit with others.
  • Definite shape
  • Covalent bonding is a form of chemical bonding between two non metallic atoms which is characterized by the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms and other covalent bonds.
  • Melting Point- Low
  • Room Temperature- Liquid and Gas
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Example Covalent

O3 - ozone
H2 - hydrogen
H2O - water