Europe's Physical Geography

Kiley, Mobeena, and Lalith


Impact of Europe’s physical geography...Specifically how the “land of peninsulas” has impacted the course of history economically and socially throughout Europe. Population distribution, trade, and migration are key topics that need to be addressed. Also, how does the geography of Europe affect the culture?

All About Europe:

Geography of Europe

The Land of Peninsulas:

Europe's main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. These peninsulas help Europe survive in many ways. The land of peninsulas has helped Europe's economy through trade, and has helped Europe socially through being able to venture out to see and confront new countries.

How the Land of Peninsulas Affects Trade in Europe:

The geographical explorations led to the formation of new trade routes. The Europeans found new and safe routes to transport goods to Asia. Due to the flourishing trade with these Asian countries the wealth of Europe also increased remarkably. The “land of peninsulas” made it much easier for Europe to trade with other countries because of how easily Europe is able to access ports. Since trade is easier and more frequent, the economy benefits from it.

How the Land of Peninsulas Affects Migration In Europe:

The United Nations estimates that nearly 200 million people worldwide do not live in their country of birth in 2005. One-third of these international migrants resided in Europe. Northern and Western Europe is now the destination to immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa. European migration has been facing a lot of challenges like Demographic pressures. But, the land of peninsulas has had a great affect on the migration of Europe. Most people want to relocate near the sea, which means most of the population of Europe is near the land of peninsulas.

How the Land of Peninsulas Affects Population Distribution In Europe:

The UK has a total population of 60 million with a density of 635 people per square mile. This just shows you how compact Europe can really be. Western Europe (France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, and Austria) is the most densely populated portion of Europe. Fertile land, many rivers, trade, and manufacturing have made Western Europe a center of population for hundreds of years. Germany is the most populated country in Europe with over 80 million people. Western Europe is high urbanized with many large cities with Paris being one of the most important politically and culturally. This information shows that most people are located near the “land of peninsulas” which again shows how much affect economically and socially these peninsulas have on the countries in Europe.

Population Density Map:

Read More About Europe's Geography and Peninsulas:

Cultural Effect on Europe:

Europeans have to fit a large population into a small land area. Europe is really just a peninsula on the larger landmass of Eurasia. Europe’s mountains have separated people and brought people together. This has helped people to divide Europe into many different nations, some nations becoming one, and some splitting up. This has helped people to develop different cultures and languages, because they have been allowed to communicate with new groups.

A Taste of Europe:

How Europe's Countries Have Changed Over Time:

Map of Europe: 1000 AD to present day - Avrupa Haritası: MS 1000 ve Günümüze

Bibliography Link:

Essential Question:

How does the physical geography of Europe affect the continent and the development of culture?