Andrew Jackson

Once was a hero, then turned into a zero

A War Hero

General Jackson fought for America in the War of 1812. His troops nicknamed him "Old Hickory" because he was tough as old hickory wood. After winning the Battle of New Orleans, he was a military hero and was elected President in 1928.

Andrew Jackson was a "Zero" because:

  • His Spoils System of rewarding his friends and supporters by appointing them to government positions led to corruption. He did what was best for himself instead of what was best for America
  • His removal of the Cherokee Indians to the West resulted in over 4,000 Cherokee deaths during the 116 day "Trail of Tears".
  • He abused his power by using the veto to block things he didn't like. He ignored the powers given to the Legislative and Judicial branches. He did things he didn't have the power to do.
  • His Bank War caused the Panic of 1837 and the start of a depression.

"I was born for a storm, and a calm does not suit me."

Spoils System Political Cartoon

This cartoon shows the "Spoils System" that Jackson used to remove qualified people from positions and replace them with his inexperienced friends and supporters. He said it was good to have a rotation in office instead of people staying in the positions for a long time. It led to corruption because the government positions became filled with people that didn't have the knowledge or experience that was necessary for the jobs.
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