The War of 1812!

Take our sailors and we'll take your soldiers!

Causes:

There were several causes to the War of 1812, including trade restrictions carried out by Great Britain (to halt trade between France and America because Britain was at war with France at the time), the imprisonment/kidnapping of a large amount of American sailors, the support Great Britain had for the Native Americans, and Britain's goal to retrieve Canada.

Major Engagements:

The Warhawks: The Warhawks included future leaders such as Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, had "territorial ambitions" that lead them to hope for a war with Great Britain. They were very anti-British, and hoped to use the War of 1812 to do more than fix trade problems, such as retrieve Florida from Spain (which was Britain's ally at the time).


August 16th, 1812: American General William Hull was forced to completely surrender Fort Detroit after realizing how large the English/Indian forces going against the settlement were. The regular US Army men were taken as prisoners to Canada, and Michigan was added to Britain's territory.


January 8th-January 18th: The "most one sided" fight of the war of 1812, concluded in a victory for the United States. This specific encounter was fought after the treaty was signed and the war was "officially over", but word didn't travel to either side until after.

First Person Historical Account - Anne Taylor

"During my lessons in school the classroom was interrupted by our school teachers that War on England had been declared by America. Although I knew it was a big deal for others besides me, I was mainly thinking of my brother and father who I knew would have to participate in the war. I was confident in our army, despite it's size, but still was worried all the time. Although worried and scared for my country (while still patriotic), I was confident. I felt loyal and devoted to my nation, like many others during this time. Our army and country must have been confident in their military capabilities as well, or else they wouldn't have started the war to begin with so that was a good sign. We as a country were prepared to use our military at all costs. Thankfully, after the war was over the United States saw in increase in it's an economy and helped an agricultural boost, factory growth and transportation increasing and improving- showing that good things happened due to the war as well."