The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in history. This transition started in Britain and took about 100 years to complete. The dates are argued, but lasted from about 1760-1820. The Industrial Revolution was a transition to a new manufacturing process. Before the revolution, manufacturing was mostly done in peoples homes with their hands.
Assembly lines are designed for organized work and minimizes the movement of workers. Parts or assembled items move down the path by conveyor belts, machines, fork lifts or even gravity. Assembly lines became common during the Industrial Revolution, the more work completed the better. During the Industrial Revolution child labor increased a lot. Children worked long hours and were not paid enough or at all. Children were used more than adults because they could be told what to do and they were small and could fit in tiny places. It wasn't until the mid to late 1900's that laws were created to reduce child labor.
There were many famous and important inventors during this time. Alexander Graham Bell invented the first practical telephone that made communication much faster. James Watt, a mechanical engineer, invented the steam engine. The steam engine had a huge impact on the world because it increased ways of transportation. Another important inventor was Henry Ford. Mr. Ford invented automobiles which allowed more cars and people to move in a car, bus or train.