Elements of a Crime
Awareness of Duty
If laws are on the books, people are expected to understand them and abide them within their parameters.
Most of the times crimes do not need this element.
Awareness of duty must be established to find someone guilty of liable.
Violation of Duty
This element is very concise and well-known
In civil cases, this is an imperative element.
Criminal Intent (Person's State of Mind)
Typically, this one especially applies to civil cases.
In some cases, this element can be used to determine between guilt and innocence.