Federalism In America
How does Federalism affect the issue of immigration?
Federalism and Immigration Policies in the U.S.
Important Issues and Topics
Arizona passed a law which would allow police to stop and inspect "suspicious" individuals
Obama's Executive Order
President Obama declared an executive order that protected some 5 million illegal immigrants from deportation
ICE and local policeman arrested Enrique Arias Idelfonso, a notorious criminal and illegal immigrant who had been deported multiple times and had been handling illegal substances
Obama's Executive Order
How does Federalism tie into these?
Obama (being the president) is seen as the representative of the people and our federal government as a whole, but nonetheless there was much contention as a result of this executive order. Despite political standpoints, many called into question the constitutionality of creating such change without any say from the states or congress. This makes us, again, look at the federal layout of our government. We see power divided between the federal government and states (and, similarly, it is even split up at the federal level between the branches.) In any case, whether or not the president has overstepped his own boundaries with this order, we will soon see. Our federal system must mediate power and figure out if the consensus is actually with the president in this issue. Even at the federal governmental level the states are all represented in congress via senators and house members, so here we, in a way, see the states controlling power in the nation to come to a final decision begun by the executive of our nation.
While local government is perhaps less empowered compared to state and central government in the federal system, it makes a great many decisions on several issues and policies that are simply too intricate for larger government to make. It regulates a lot of things that would otherwise be blanketed by larger government policy, and this would cause a lot of issues and many would be unsatisfied. For instance, in this case with Enrique Arias Idelfonso, the illegal, it is the local police force that arrested him and it was local court proceedings that decided his punishment, even if he was arrested on the basis of national law (the decision was made based on national law as well, but it was still made locally.)