United States of America
Plans For Reconstruction
The south, being the racists they were after the Civil War, had a group called the Ku Klux Klan. The KKK was a group that did everything in their power to keep down the African Americans. Legal or not, they were not going to put up with the newly freed slaves. Actions were taken against this treacherous group, but they went after all those who attempted to help the African Americans, thus isolating them a tiny bit from the rest of society.
African Americans did not just sit down and take this beat down. They fought to get political positions in the government and then change what was happening. Some fought with protests and violence, while others wanted the race to work up the ranks in political and economical society and take over and change the country from there.