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Establishing Greece, India, and Persia

Alexander the Great was only 20 years old when he won his first victory against the Persians at Granicus River. He won victory after victory , going through Asia Minor to Palestine and south of Egypt. Before Alexander left Egypt he maid a foundation for a new city that was important. The name was Alexandria, it was northwest of the city Memphis. He chose this site because he believed the new city would one day become and important port and trade center. He built a foundation where everything was located where he wanted it.


Alexander Invades Egypt

For the next 20 years Alexander and his forces arrived in Egypt. The Egyptians actually wanted Alexander there because they believed that he would show more respect for their religion than the Persians did. Before he left Egypt he maid a new foundation! Its a new city called Alexandria its just northwest of the city of Memphis. He named it after himself. He picked that site because he believed the location would soon one day become an important port and trade center. He helped make plans for the new city, he also started the foundation for it. Alexandria later became a magnificent city and a center for learning.


Hellenistic Culture

During the Hellenistic Culture period the importance of Greece proper within the Greek-speaking world declined sharply. The great centers of Hellenistic culture were Alexandria and Antioch, capitals of Ptolemaic Egypt and Seleucid Syria respectively. Cities such as Pergamon, Ephesus, Rhodes and Seleucia were also important, and increasing urbanization of the Eastern Mediterranean was characteristic of the time.


Hellenistic Ideals

Hellenistic Ideals were dominant everywhere in science, arts, and letters . The Latin literature of that time was deriving its main sustenance and best inspiration for Greek models.