Fracking and Mining

By: Andrew Bean and Ben Schloeder

What is Fracking?

Fracking is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release natural gas. Some of the effects on the environment include contamination of groundwater and the water fluid is left in open air pits which evaporates releasing harmful VOC's into the atmosphere.

The Two Types of Mining and Their Differences

The two types of mining a Surface mining and Subsurface mining. Surface mining is mining where soil and rock on top of a mineral deposit is removed, some examples include strip, open pit, and mountain top removal. Subsurface mining is mining that consists of digging tunnels or shafts into the earth to reach buried deposits, some examples include shaft, drift, and slope.