A Christmas Carol Background

Alexis Smith

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Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens is the author of A Christmas Carol. He also wrote other books. He wrote David Copperfield, Nicholas Nickleby, Oliver Twist, and many more. Some said he was next to Shakespeare as one of the greatest writers. His reasons for writing A Christmas Carol, was because of his own childhood. When Charles was only 12 years old, he was sent to work in a shoe factory. As he grew older he began to write stories, using the people he knew as inspiration for the characters. He then married Catherine Hoggarth, though he fell in love with other women during their marriage. They had 10 children together, but later they divorced. He then remarried to Ellen Ternan. Later on, he would stand and read his stories aloud, voicing and giving the characters their personality. During one of his story readings, Charles had a stroke, and never recovered. He then died the next day.
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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century. It was the time when more machines were invented and used often for work, and to make everyday tasks simpler. Kids were put to work in the factories during this time, at very young ages.
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Victorian Era

When King William IV died, his daughter Victoria became queen of England. The "Victorian Era" was the period of her reign. It lasted from 1837-1901. The era uncovered aspects of imperialism, religion, education, science, social class, and differences between the sexes.
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Child Labor and Poverty

Child labor was mainly used when a family was in poverty, or very poor. Kids as young as four were put into factories to help earn some money. Those 4 year old kids sometimes had to work 16 hours. Ages 9-13 had to work up to 9 hours, ages 13-18 had to work 12 hours, but in 1847 it dropped to 10 hours. It still is an issue, but not as bad