The city was the capital in the Kashi dynasty at the time of the Buddha. In this city he gave his first sermon (or preaching). The city started to diminish in 1194. At this time, Varanasi was under a Muslim rule which resulted in many Hindu temples getting destroyed, and many Hindu teachers ran out of the city. After experiencing minor setbacks for about 700 more years, Varanasi became an independent kingdom in the 18th century which sparked a new improvement in the city. Finally in 1910 the British officially made Varanasi an Indian state. In 1947 the city became part of the state of Uttar Pradesh which is the present state of the city.
Why is it Sacred
- The city has the Bananas Hindu university, which is the largest university in Asia.
- Urbanized area has a population of 1,435,113
- Smells bad because of public cremation
- Location for the shooting of countless films
- Frog marriage
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