New Civil Rights
American Indian Movement (AIM)
The American Indian Movement (AIM) is a Native American advocacy group in the United States, founded in July 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. AIM was initially formed to address American Indian sovereignty, treaty issues, spirituality, and leadership, while simultaneously addressing incidents of police harassment and racism against Native Americans forced to move away from reservations and tribal culture by the 1950s-era enforcement of the U.S. federal government-enforced Indian Termination Policies originally created in the 1930s. On November 20th 1969 a group of 40 Sioux indians broke into Alcatraz Island and protested for four hours about the treaty of fort Laramie; which basically allowed the government to steal land from the american indians, being retired and no longer used since Alcatraz closed one year before. This group of indians occupied Alcatraz island until June 11th 1971 when they were thrown out by police. The Wounded Knee incident began on February 27th, 1973 when about 200 Oglala Lakota and followers of AIM occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. It lasted until May 8th, 1973 when the government gave their final push to push out the Oglala and AIM members out of wounded knee successfully.
The Equal Rights Amendment
The Equal Rights Amendment or ERA for short was a proposed amendment for equal rights for women.