What is sugar?

A sweet crystallizable material that consists wholly or essentially of sucrose, is colorless or white

What are the most common ag sources of regular sugar?

Sugar cane and sugar beet.

How is sugar made?

Cane stalks are shredded and squeezed to extract it natural juice, which is boiled until it thickens and molasses-rich sugar crystals begin to settle. The molasses-rich crystals are sent to a rapidly spinning centrifuge to remove molasses and leave pure naturally white sugar crystals. The sugar crystals are then dried. It is important to note that cane sugar is neither chemically altered nor bleached to achieve its naturally white color.

Sugar is a carbohydrate. The body's primary source of energy is from carbohydrates. All vital organs – brain, heart, liver – need carbohydrates to meet their energy demands. Carbohydrates, including sugar, also play key roles in muscle function, growth and regulation of body temperature.

2 other interesting facts about sugar are:

1)Sugar beet growers in the U.S. and Canada now have the opportunity to use biotech enhanced varieties for weed control. This technology substantially reduces the need for chemical applications and cultivation. This is a plus for the environment as it reduces consumption of fossil fuels.

2)In the production of refined sugar, naturally occurring sucrose is extracted from sugar beets or sugar cane. Molecularly, sugar produced from biotech plants is the same as sugar produced from conventionally bred plants.