George W. Bush

43rd President of the United States of America


  • First elected in 2000

    • elected to two terms

  • Republican dominated in White House and Congress

  • Popular with conservatives

  • Bush ran against Al Gore and both fell short of winning the 270 electoral votes needed to get the presidency

Foreign Policy

  • Invading Iraq
    • Bush next contemplated invading Iraq as part of his wider war on terrorism

    • Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

      • many people believed that Iraqi president Saddam Hussein was building nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons

      • UN weapons inspectors should be allowed to continue their search for Iraqi WMD

      • congress authorized Bush to use military force against Iraq

        • attacked on March 19th, 2003

      • as Iraqi capital of Baghdad fell, Saddam and other Iraq leaders went into hiding
  • Invading Afghanistan
    • “War of terrorism”-prior to 9/11

    • Economic boycott against Iraq

    • Bush believed that any government that sponsored terrorism should be held accountable

    • After the Taliban refused to hand over bin Ladin, American forces and British invaded Afghanistan

    • Bin Ladin escaped after Allied forces overthrew the Taliban

George W. Bush The Night of 9-11-01
Bush: "Mission Accomplished" -- REAL Speech

Domestic Policy

  • Improving National Security

    • moved quickly to prevent future terrorist attacks

    • Congress passed the Patriot Act

      • give law enforcement broader powers to monitor suspected terrorists

      • accused of violating civil liberties

      • many americans were willing to give up some freedoms in return for improved security

    • Department of Homeland Security

      • Bush’s call for the creation of a new cabinet-level

    • Bush favored widespread tax cuts
    • He was mostly concerned with domestic issues
    • believed that tax cuts would stimulate the economy and create new jobs (2001-$1.3 trillion tax cut through Congress; put more money in the hands of consumers)
    • Most tax cuts benefits went to the rich (federal budget deficit increased)
    • No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 penalized schools that did not reach federal performance standards. It also called for improving teacher quality and other reforms
    • Had Congress extend Medicare to cover prescription drugs to senior citizens (expensive and seniors were confused as to how it worked and found the coverage inadequate)
    • Financial Crisis
        • Autumn of 2008, potentially dangerous economic crisis centered on the financial industry.

          • stemmed off of “subprime” home mortgage loans that banks made to less-qualified, low income borrowers

            • Banks placed high interest rates on these loans

        • Slid into a recession in late 2007

          • unemployed Americans could no longer pay for their mortgages.

            • foreclosures increased

            • Housing prices fell and mortgage-related investments lost their value

            • Several large banking and investment firms collapsed or were sold.

        • Financial Industry Bailout

          • stock Market plunged in September 2008

          • worst economic crisis since Great Depression

          • $700 billion bailout of the banks

          • The Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was supported by Bush and approved by Congress

            • TARP funds were used to make multibillion-dollar loans to at -risk banks.

              • public outrage ensued do to the use of taxpayer-funded bailout grew after executives at some of these companies got multimillion-dollar bonuses.

              • Many credit the bailout with preventing a financial meltdown

    Condoleezza Rice

    • Born in 1954 and at age 15, she entered college to become a concert pianist but graduated at age 19 with a degree in political science

    • Served as an intern in the Carter administration and held a professorship at Stanford University

    • In 2000, Rice became a National Security Adviser to George W. Bush

    • In 2004, she became the first African American woman to be named Secretary of State

    • Had an active role in the US rebuilding of Iraq

    Jonathan Lowder, Hannah Robinson, Emma Russell, Jamie Stroud, Julie Goodman