Johnson Presidency

1963 to 1969

How He Became President:

  • Nickname ---> “Landslide Lyndon” (won Senate seat in 1948 with a vote margin of 87)

  • Promoted to Democratic Majority Leader in 1954

  • Ran as Kennedy’s running mate in 1960

  • Sworn into the Presidential spot in 1963 after Kennedy’s assassination

  • Election of 1964---> won presidency with over 15 million votes and 61% of the overall vote (ran against Barry Goldwater who was republican)

The Great Society

Great Society--->Named after one of the influential speeches he gave during his presidency

  • Series of new acts of legislation put in place by congress

  • Influenced Congress to create the Department of Transportation and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

  • Put in place the nation’s first African American cabinet secretary (Robert C. Weaver)

  • Created National Endowments to support the Humanities and the Arts

  • 4 Big Legislative Achievements: immigration reform, education aid, new voting rights bill, and medical care for the indigent and elderly

24th Amendment

24th Amendment---> prevented the State or Congress from influencing the right to vote in federal elections over any type of tax (especially poll tax)

Vietnam War & Tonkin Gulf Resolution


  • U.S. air base was attacked by Viet Cong using guerilla warfare----> Johnson responded by bombing North Vietnam (Operation Rolling Thunder)
  • Tet Offensive---> attack on South Vietnam during the Vietnamese New Year (ended with thousands of lives lost)----> bloodiest battle in Vietnam War
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution---> allowed Johnson to exercise his control over Vietnam War and avenge America for the attack of their naval ships

Civil Rights Act (1964) & Voting Rights Act

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964---> declared public place discrimination unconstitutional in most places (started by Kennedy)
  • Formed the Equal Employment Opportunity Coalition (EEOC)
  • Helped the Federal Government to do away with school segregation
  • Voting Rights Act---> gave more power to African Americans in the Southern region (led to African American migration to the South)

1968

  • Civil Rights swept the nation---> leading to the slow extinction of racial discrimination (started incorporating African Americans into Society)
  • Vietnam left anti-federalist thoughts in the minds of American citizens
  • Assassination of Senator Richard Kelly by an Arab
  • Nixon won election and became president
  • Children's Crusade---> response to Vietnam War