the start of all civilization


The ancient Mesopotamia was the first civilization in the world. Mesopotamia was located in south west Asia between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The word Mesopotamia means between two rivers. The climate ranged from cool to hot with temperature most often 110 degrees F or higher and there was moderate rainfall. The location of Iraq today is actually where Mesopotamia was located. The distance from here to Mesopotamia 5084 miles away.


The civilizations that made up Mesopotamia are Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, Assyria and Chaldaeans. The things that make up a civilization are cities, religion, writings, political structure, a materialistic value, an economy, and art. The Hammurabi laws were important because they were the first laws to be written down. The five laws that interest me were these:

2. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.

25. If fire break out in a house, and some one who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property of the owner of the house, and take the property of the master of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.

110. If a "sister of a god" open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death. 132. If the "finger is pointed" at a man's wife about another man, but she is not caught sleeping with the other man, she shall jump into the river for her husband.

282. If a slave say to his master: "You are not my master," if they convict him his master shall cut off his ear.

Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk who went on a quest to find a man who could give everlasting life. He never found the man or the everlasting life.


The agriculture of Mesopotamia was very impressive. The people learned to irrigate their land by building canals that brought water to the fields. They grew wheat, barley, dates, and vegetables including cucumbers, onions, apples, and spices. They also raised sheep, goats and cows. The people of Mesopotamia had irrigated all the way to the sea and the soil was ruined by crops, that is how the fields became poisoned. The people of Mesopotamia ate Bread, beer, cow's milk, meat of different animals but it was expensive so Fish was very important. They also ate fruit like apples, pears, grapes, figs, quinces, plums, apricots, mulberries, melons, and pomegranates. Civilizations like Mesopotamia were built close to water so that they could irrigate fields, fish, export and import, as well as have a source of water for drinking, bathing and other things. During a year in Mesopotamia I would plant Barley in the summer and build a canal to help regulate my water that I am allowed to use.


One of the seven wonders of the world was the Hanging Garden of Babylon. It was said to be constructed by King Nebuchadnezzar II to please his wife. she was homesick and wanted plants from her homeland. they were later destroyed by earthquakes. Cuneiform was the first writing system which was invented by the Babylonians. The different classes of people in Mesopotamia are priests, upper class, lower class, and the slaves. A ziggarut is a temple for the king and god.

clay tablet

A clay tablet was used for recording writings and pictures like paper.


A wheel was used for better transportation and to carry goods.


A ziggarut is a temple that the king and the god lived in.


A boat was made for transportation on water.
My name in Cuneiform