Periods Of Learning

By, Fatima Murillo, Jasmine Nelson, Angela Wiggins

The Sensorimotor Period:

- Durning this period babies learn through their senses and own actions.


-Cognitive development is built through the infant's interactions with the environment. The sensorimotor period is broken down into six substages.

6 Stages

1) The use of reflexes (Birth - One month)

- Grasping finger

- Sucking any object that comes in contact with the mouth


2) Primary circular reaction (1 month - 4 months)

- Sucking thumb,The child does not intentionally coordinate putting his thumb in his mouth and sucking. By chance, when a child's hand comes in contact with the mouth sucking will occur. Getting a pleasurable sensation from this behavior, the child will attempt to recreate the behavior.


3) Secondary circular reactions (4-8 Months)

- A child is moving about in a playpen and happens to hit the mobile overhead. The mobile spins and catches the baby's attention. Once the mobile stops spinning, if the child enjoyed the experience, the child will move his arms and legs again to try and hit to mobile. The child wants to repeat the behavior.


4) Coordination of secondary circular reactions (8-12 months)

- Now, the child is starting to understand that one circular reaction can be used to get another circular reaction. Behaviors that the child displays are now for a reason. At this stage, the child begins to gain a sense of cause and effect. Also, a major event occurs during this stage: object permanence. Before now, children do not understand that an object out-of-sight continues to exist. Children acquiring a knowledge base of object permanence love to play peek-a-boo.

5) Tertiary circular reactions (12-18 months)

- At this stage, an action occurs deliberately. The child displays a behavior purposely and continues the action because it is pleasurable. What separates this stage from the previous is that the action is repeated with some variation. A child beats on a pot with a wooden spoon. Then, the child beats on the floor with the wooden spoon. Next, the child beats on the refrigerator with a wooden spoon


6) Coordination pf tertiary circular reactions (18- 24 months)

- It is in this last stage that children internalize behaviors and began to build mental symbols! This stage is when children are able to participate in pretend play.


Encouraging learning .

Encouraging learning is when you move



Examples:

- Walk

- talk

- crawl

- sit up

- drop

Piaget - Stage 1 - Sensorimotor, Object Permenence