By Baily Dinmore
-needed for growth and development
-provides body with energy
-needed to make hormones, antibodies, enzymes and tissues
- 10-15% of the daily allowance should be protein.
-seafood e.g. cod, halibut, tuna
- Fibre is a carbohydrate but can’t be broken down.
- Holds on to water and flushes us through.
- Reduces the risk of colon cancer.
- Prevents constipation and haemorrhoids.
-carbohydrates are 50-60% calorie intake because this is the biggest energy provider and functions our body, also it’s a macro.
-There are two types of simple carbohydrates: monosaccharides and disaccharides.
-simple carbohydrates are simple sugars with a chemical structure that is composed of one or two sugars.
- stores and provides energy.
-provides use with fat soluble vitamins which we need in our body.
-fats are perceived as bad for us but are essential part of our diet.
-25-30% of fats a day.
- Bad fats
- Eating too much will raise your cholesterol levels and therefore increase you blood pressure.
- They are found mainly in animal produce such as meat cheese cream butter and chocolate.
- Good fats
- Can actually help to lower cholesterol levels which can then lead to a decrease in blood pressure.
- They usually come from plant sources such as olive oil, nuts and oily fish.
- Cholesterol can either be ingested or can be made in the body.
- You only find it in animals.
- Cholesterol forms little pockets of fat in your arteries.
Mechanical / chemical digestive-
The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Food passes through a long tube inside the body.