Traumatic Brain Injury
Jane Doe's Report of John Doe's TBI Injury and Symptoms
Type of Damage
Functions of the Frontal Lobes
Observation of Symptoms
Jane has also reported changes in John's personality. For example, John has expressed increasing frustration and irritability, and shows escalating aggressive behavior. In addition, John is disinterested in daily activities and shows no interest in creating future goals. He also engages in impulsive actions. Overall, Jane reports that John is generally apathetic in his behavior since the injury.
- Cognitive behavioral counseling to help address the aggression and impulsivity.
- Amantadine - A dopaminergic agent that has been proven to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms as a result of TBI (Kraus & Maki, 1997).
Q & A
Jane: What other symptoms should I expect, if any?
Answer: It is possible that John may have issues sleeping, dizziness or headaches. He may have issues with the mechanics of driving as well as following directions while driving. Anxiety and depression are also a possibility.
Jane: Will John's symptoms get better?
Answer: It is likely that John will recover from his injury, however because his was an axonal injury, it may take longer than if he had sustained another type of injury.
Jane: What can friends and family do to help John?
Answer: Family members can help in a number of ways. One way is to learn about TBI and frontal lobe damage, as well as the recovery process. Many useful resources can be found on the Internet. Offer constant support. This may come in the form of reminders for appointments and/or by encouraging John to use the skills he learned in treatment.
Sembrana, P.E., de Guzman, R.G. (2014). Personality traits of frontal lobe-damaged patients before and after injury. Asian Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences, 3(4), 47-56.
Niedermeyer, E. (1998). Frontal lobe functions and dysfunctions. Clinical Eletroencephalography, 29(2), 79-90.
Kraus, M.F., & Maki, P.M. (1997). Effect of Amantadine Hydrochloride on symptoms of frontal lobe dysfunction in brain injury: case studies and review. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 9, 222-230.