How to get a job in IT
RecruIT's guide on how to start a successful career in IT
How will this newsletter help me find a job?
What personal attributes do employers value?
Job specific skillsEmployers are obviously hoping that you have some specific skills regarding the job you are applying for. For example, a employer in a labour job would want you to have good communication skills and to be fairly strong. It is no different in the IT job sector, with employers needing you to have a rather fond interest and understanding of technologies at the current time. You would also have to have a strong and concentrated work ethic and be mindful of the risks of tasks that would be carried. Being punctual would also be a very important job specific attribute and is highly valued by any employer.
Having the correct attitudes at the work place is very important to maintaining your spot in the employers company. If they don't agree with your attitudes, they have no need of you. Some key attributes that employers look for are:
- Being organised - an employer doesn't want a messy employee, so make sure that your portfolio is organised and show them how you organize your work in the most effective way.
- Working well alone and in a team - Being flexible in the workplace around your colleges is what most employers look for. If you are able to be just as effective in a group as you are out of one, you will be able to complete tasks exceeding the expectations of your employer.
- Motivation - No employer wants staff who doesn't want to work. They look for eager and motivated workers who will put all they have into a task.
- Problem solving - Having staff who are able to complete tasks on their own and overcome problems they are faced with is a huge benefit for the employer and the workplace. It allows for others to work on tasks instead of becoming sidetracked or delayed helping someone who doesn't understand. It allows for the workplace to keep focused and get tasks done.
Not only do employers look for interesting and unique attributes, they also require that you have the base attributes as well. Employers look for these in every employee to make sure they can carry out even the most basic of tasks. These are some of the key attributes that are essential to get any IT job.
- Planning skills - Having good planning is a great attribute for an employer to utilize. Being able to plan what work you are going to do allows for your employer to review and evaluate your work and whether the course that you have planned to take for a task is the best way.
- Organisational skills - Having great organisation skills will show your employer that you value clear and efficient sorting of documents and files. It will help in any aspect of an IT job, as files will be well sorted and easy to find for editing.
- Time management - Time management is a highly valued trait by employers as a employee with good time management will never get behind on their schedule. Also, they will organise and allocate their time on jobs to a high standard leaving enough time for other projects.
- Verbal and Communication skills - Employers look for good communication skills in their employees to benefit the overall output of their workers. If a employee has good communication skills they will be able to work effectively with their peers and can work on tasks faster and more efficiently.
Principles of effective communication
- General communication skills apply in almost every instance of communication.
- Having effective communication can help to reduce mistakes and allow for objectives to be understood first time round.
- Written communication that is used effectively can help a task force work effectively and reduce the need to ask questions
- Having effective interpersonal skills would help keep conversations concise and reduce the amount of unnecessary talk
General Communication Skills
Understanding how to communicate with another person can be the difference between them understanding a task and them misunderstanding a task completely. Keeping points short and concise allows for less information to be misunderstood and leaves more available time in a conversation for the worker to ask more questions if the did misunderstand anything.
Understanding your audience and their purpose is also an important skill when it comes to communicating with large groups. For example, a young class of children could be listening to you expecting you to tell them the dangers of strangers or how to cross the road safely. This particular audience would not enjoy listening to large words or lots of statistics, so selecting your lexis to the appropriate audience can further reinforce your effective communication.
Having the knowledge of how to speak to another person is key in getting a job anywhere. Keeping conversations short can help to keep your audience engaged and reduces any confusion within conversations. Understanding body language is also important as someone s stance or where their attention is placed may help to show how interested they are in the conversation.
People tone also plays a pretty important part in interpersonal exchanges as it can help identify their mood on a matter which could be that they oppose what you are saying or support it.
Communicating in writing
Having clear and easy to understand writing is a key part of effective communication. For example, if the writer had very untidy handwriting they could have been writing quickly or only meant for the notes to be for them. This makes communication using writing like this difficult and the information may not be traded effectively.
Using good grammar is also a important aspect of giving information or tasks. For example, if someone is told to read out a set of instructions and they are not written in a correct and flowing way, it may break the flow of the reader and may cause some confusion.
How do you make your communication more effective?
In order to have effective communication, there needs to be absolutely no background noise. Background noise can effect your communication in a few ways. Firstly, the background noise could be as loud or louder than your regular speaking voice, meaning you would either have to change how loud you are speaking (which can make you sound like you are shouting) or just speak into a microphone. Background noise can also distract your audience, diverting their attention away from what you are saying and making your communication less effective.
A distraction can be a slight noise in the background or even a reflection from a projector lens. These will also diver the crowds attention away from what you are saying, possibly leading them to not listen or concentrate on what your are saying. This can be avoided however by doing practice speeches or presentations before hand and inspecting the environment for noises or lights which could distract the audience.
Time, location and physical barriers
These factors can be crucial in not only the over all concentration of the crowd, but whether or not they turn up to listen to your presentation. If the presentation that you are doing is too early in the day, you may not get much of a crowd due to your intended audience being at work or, if it is on a weekend, still asleep and in bed. Alternatively, if the presentation is too late your audience may not turn up due to lack of energy after a long day or they might not be bothered to go. Choosing a correct time for your presentations can be key in getting the biggest audience possible.
Location can also factor into your presentations showing. If the location chosen is far away from your intended audience, they could not turn up because they have issues such as transport, time schedules or even just lack of effort. Often choosing a local area to your intended audience or even doing several smaller presentations to cater for each area can help boost your audience numbers.
Other factors that impede communications could include cultural barriers. One possible issue with different cultures communicating is the language barrier. If the person giving information is not translating it in a way that the crowd can understand, the message that they are portraying will be lost. This can be countered be either learning the language and presenting it in that language, or having a translator along with you explaining what you just said to the crown in their language. Another cultural difference could include body language or movements. For example, in certain cultures using the thumbs up hand signal could be seen as a insult. Avoiding unnecessary insults can be avoided with a simple understanding of what can and cannot be said, either through interviews or just a little bit of research before the meeting.