Chapter 13

AP Lit - Frankenstein - Andrew Izzo

Characters and Character Development

The Old Man – Not much explanation of the old man in this chapter. He is the 'manager' of the household and plays the guitar. He is caring and welcoming of everyone in his home, which will be seen in the future chapters until the monster is exposed by the other cottagers.

Felix – Felix's mood changes instantly upon sight of the woman at the door. He went from being in a dreary mood and sorrowful into a mood of delight and animation. It can be said that Felix and the stranger have a special connection between one another.

The Lady/The Stranger/The Arabian– The woman of many names, she is a foreigner to the cottage and doesn't speak the same language as the family that inhabits the cottage. She is a new character to the story! Described as, "Always gay and happy," (Shelley 83)

The Monster – The monster constantly self-reflects on himself, however, sometimes forgetting non-human traits. His feelings and opinions change very quickly, as if he is almost bipolar. Describes himself as as a "Miserable, unhappy wretch!" We see a lot of direct characterization of his character, mainly because the monster is describing himself and everyone else throughout this chapter.

Agatha – Not explained in that great of detail in this chapter. From the writings and explanations that the monster gives about her the reader sees that Agatha plays music, is a caring human being, and follows the life of a typical woman during this time period. She is described as "the ever-gentle Agatha" (Shelley 82)


Treatment of Women - The treatment of women is seen when Felix teaches Safie. "Other lessons were impressed upon me even more deeply. I heard of the difference of sexes; and the birth and growth of children... how all the life and cares of the mother were wrapped up in the precious [child]." (Shelley 85) This quote shows the roles that a basic woman or mother would have during this time period. It shows that a stereotypical mother must devote her life to making her children happy.

Ignorance is Bliss – The monster describes himself as ignorant to himself and his history. He didn't know where he came from, and he had no relatives or assets in his life. He doesn't even know what he is and why he is so different from everyone else. This can be seen in the quote, "and what was I? of my creation and my creator I was absolutely ignorant, but I knew I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property." (Shelley 85) His differences and ignorances are also a part of what make up his character.

Literary Techniques

Simile, Analogy and Personification - "'Of what strange nature is knowledge! It clings to the mind, when it has once seized on it, like a lichen on the rock.'" (Shelley 85) The simile and analogy are obvious as the word 'like' helps connect the two sentences shown together. The comparison is made between knowledge and essentially the brain. Lichen is basically a fungus that grows on a rock, just like knowledge grows and clings to the brain. The personification is shown through saying that knowledge clings. The significance of these literary techniques are to show how the monster grew in personal knowledge during the time that he stayed near his "protectors".

Flashback and Multiple Point of View - Chapter 13 in it's entirety is just a big old flashback, as the monster is recounting events which previously happened in the story. Not only is it a flashback, but it also represents the part of the novel where there is another point of view. The points of view in this novel vary from Victor, the monster, and the letters written by R. Walton at the beginning and end of the novel.

Important Quotes

"'Of my creation and creator I was absolutely ignorant, but I knew that I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property. I was, besides, endued with a figure hideously deformed and loathsome; I was not even of the same nature as man. I was more agile than they and could subsist upon coarser diet; I bore the extremes of heat and cold with less injury to my frame; my stature far exceeded theirs. When I looked around I saw and heard of none like me. Was I, then, a monster, a blot upon the earth, from which all of men fled and whom all men disowned?'" (Shelley 85)

- This quote is important to the chapter because it shows that the monster is self-aware of his issues and differences towards humans. Not only that, but it shows his admittance of his ignorance about who his character truly is (which is being a monster and abnormal). By this, it is also revealing a piece of his character, which is honesty. This honesty makes his narration a little more reliable, even though he still has prejudices towards mankind for the way he is treated.

"'Felix seemed ravished with delight when he saw her, every trait of sorrow vanished from his face, and it instantly expressed a degree of ecstatic joy, of which I could hardly believe capable...'" (Shelley 82)

- This quote is important because it shows Felix's delight when meeting a foreign character that was not previously known in the book. This adds to the plot line and will give us more information later on about the specifics of this character.


The change of the seasons from winter to spring starts the main developments of the chapter, as spring usually represents new beginnings for something/someone. Within this chapter a new character named Safie is introduced. With her introduction, her and the monster both learn the family's language and a small portion of world history. From this knowledge, the monster learns his differences against humans and reflects upon himself for what he truly is. Because of these differences, the monster feels alone and in want of a partner or someone who will appreciate his being.


Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. New York: Dover Publications, 1818. Print.

Ignorance Is Bliss. Digital image. Relationship Rambles Glog. Wordpress, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2016.

Turn of the Seasons Brings New Life. Digital image. Purabotanica. N.p., Apr. 2015. Web. 18 Sept. 2016.

We Can Do It. Digital image. Wikimedia. Wikimedia, 2012. Web. 17 Sept. 2016.