Latin American Leaders
Jean Jacques Dessaline of Haiti and Dom Pedro I of Brazil
Jean Jacques Dessaline of Haiti,
Born in 1758 In africa
Died on October 17, 1806
He self elected himself as the emperor of Haiti after the feud.
He helped Haiti gain their independence from the French.
He was born a slave with no wealth but later in life joined the Peninsulares when he became the emperor of Haiti.
Slavery was very harsh in Haiti so they wanted their independence so that slavery could be abolished
At first he sided with french but then turned on them and knew their strengths and weaknesses and how to defeat them and abolish their power over Haiti.
In 1791, a slave rebellion broke out in Sant-Domingue, Haiti and Dessalines was able to escape the plantation and join a rising rebel leader Toussaint L'Ouverture.
In 1793, the French Republic declared an end to slavery in France and all their colonies
In 1804, Dessalines proclaimed independence and in 1805 declared himself emperor. Haiti became the first black independent republic in the world.
Dessalines’ coalition of blacks and mulattos were successful in forcing the French to surrender and leave the island.
He commanded rebel forces against the French as the general of the army of rebels.
The day of his death, October 17, is a national holiday in Haiti. Dessalines's legacy is in Haiti's national anthem, "La Dessalinienne."
Dom Pedro I of Brazil
Born on Oct. 12, 1798, at the Queluz Palace in Lisbon,
He was the son of the prince regent of Portugal (later João VI) and his wife, Carlota Joaquina, the daughter of the Spanish Bourbon king Charles IV
Died: September 24,1834
He helped Brazil gain independence
Natives of Brazil wanted to be independent from portugal and make their own laws and government and not have their royal court favor the Portugese.
Recognizing the independence sentiments in Brazil, and observing what was occurring in the Spanish colonies of the New world, the King of Portugal advised his son to declare Brazil independent and take the throne for himself.
Pedro turned against the Portuguese military and fought against them to get them to return home
Pedro dismissed Jorge Avilez, who had instigated armed riots in response to Pedro’s announcement, ordering him and his soldiers back to Portugal.
Pledged loyalty to the Brazilian cause.
In 1823 Pedro I called a constituent assembly to formulate a constitution but dissolved the body later that year.
He then signed a treaty of peace with Portugal which left unresolved some basic issues concerning future relations between the two countries.
He broadcasted a constitution on March 24, 1824, which remained Brazil's so called "lease" until 1889.
When the Portuguese Cortês , their Parliament,demanded that Pedro return to Lisbon to “complete his political education,” he issued a declaration of Brazilian independence on Sept. 7, 1822. Within three months he was crowned emperor.
Independence day:September 7 There is a carnival which is held the whole day where people of all ages take part and have a great time. In the evening people gather to see amazing fireworks in the clear sky, above the blue-black Amazon.