Sickle Cells Disease

Abigail Andrews

Facts About Sickle Cell

Sickle cell disease is a hereditary blood disorder. It is an abnormality in the oxygen-carrying protein hemoglobin found in red blood cells. This leads to the cell to have a different shape. It is rigid, sickle-like shaped. The disease is associated with acute and chronic health problems. These problems include: severe infections, attacks of severe pain, stroke, and increased risk in death.

Facts Continued

Sickle-cell disease happens when someone inherits two copies of the gene, one from each parent. You may also carry this trait. This is when you have one gene of the hemoglobin trait but not two.

Sickle Cell disease is most common in Africa. The sub-Saharan part of Africa is effected the most. Also, it is spreading due to people moving out of Africa.

Sickle cell can effect anyone. It does not matter if your are rich/poor or live in rural/urban. Also, Africa is three quarters of the problem. A carrier is 10%-40% around Africa. Therefore, the chances of anyone are very high. This leads to almost 300,000 children a year born with sickle-cell. In 2013 it was reported that there were 176,000 deaths due to the disease. This disease is major in this country. And most prevalent in Africans in all. This is because the spread of the gene. Since the gene is incurable it is impossible to stop; although there are treatments and preventatives for it.

Poverty and Limitation

Poverty plays some type of role with the disease do to the fact that Africa does not have the money to get research materials. Also, they do not have the resources to test every person to see if they have it. Although, if the person believes it is in there traits, they can get tested. This is a way to limit the diagnoses and deaths do to sickle cell disease in Africa.