Saltwater - Coral Reef

Biome Project: Kirbie and Raeven

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What is a coral reef biome?

A coral reef biome is found in a shallow area of clear water within the ocean. The temperature in this biome is usually from 70 degrees to 85.

Where are coral reefs located?

Coral reef biomes are very common. You can find them in the Eastern coast of Africa, the Southern coast of India, the coasts of Australia, the Red Sea, off the coast of Florida, along the Caribbean, and along the coast of Brazil.
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The Largest Coral Reef

The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef. It is located Northeast of Australia. It extends over 1,200 miles and is a great attraction to tourists. You can actually see this coal reef biome from space.
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Precipitation and Temperature

The average precipitation per year at the coral reef is 2010 mm a year which is about 168 mm a month. The Great Barrier Reef is a wet tropical climate with the temperature in summer being 24 - 33 degrees Celsius winter being 14 - 26 degrees Celsius.

Animals in the reef

There are 1,500 different species of marine fish, 360 species of hard corals, about 6,000 species of mollusca's, 600 species echinoderms , 17 species of sea snakes, 1,500 species of sponges, 30 species of whales and dolphins, 6 species of marine turtles, 22 species of sea birds, and 32 species of shore birds.

Fun facts about The Great Barrier Reef

~ You can see the reef from space

~ The reef is a popular tourist destination with around 2 million visitors every year.

~ The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest living structure.

~ The reef is around 1616 miles in length

~ 10% of the world's fish population live at the Great Barrier Reef.

~ There are over 50,000 coral reefs in the world

Ecosytems in the reef

There are 13 coastal ecosystems that are important to the function of the coral reefs: coral reefs, lagoon floor, islands, open water, seagrasses, coastline, estuaries, freshwater wetlands, forested floodplain, heath and shrublands, grass and sedgelands.
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