Civilian Conservation Corps
By: Janay Nixon and Ryan Boldyn
Happy Days was the official newspaper of the CCC and was given to every camp. A majority of the camps also published their own newspapers and/or newsletters.
African Americans job loss rates were higher during the Depression. A CCC director named Robert Fechner ordered that black enrollment remain at 10%.
The CCC employed 5% of the U.S. male population. It also helped contribute to the young men's families economic well being as they sent home $25 out of the $30 they made each month.
- Planted 3 billion trees across the nation in areas that were barren due to fire, erosion, and lumbering. Approximately half the total reforestation in US history at the time.
- Improved waterways and built new canals/ditches.
- Built 30,000 wildlife shelters and replenished habitats with 1 billion fish.
- Restored historic battlefields and cleared beaches.
- Due to management from the Army, it taught the nation's youth military discipline, which proved crucial at the outbreak of WWII.
- Thought by a judge to be responsible for 55% reduction in crime statistics
- The $25 allotment checks to families boosted the economy across the nation
- The communities located near the camps had purchases averaging $5,000 a month which kept many small businesses from failing
Union leaders feared the loss of jobs that could have been filled by union members
Also scared the involvement of the army could lead to regimentation of labor
The CCC program gained a lot of public support
many young men rushed to enroll
67% of a Republican poll supported the program
95% of Californians approved
publisher of the Chicago Tribune, Colonel McCormick gave the CCC his support
As the CCC faced its second year there was almost a universal approval and praise from the country
The Socialist Soviet Union praised the program
The positive response encourage Roosevelt to extend it for another year
- Reports of the accomplishments of the Corps were printed in major newspapers even in those who had opposed the program
"American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/ccc-introduction/>.
"An Evaluation of the New Deal." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/49g.asp>.
"CCC Brief History." Ccclegacy. CCC Legacy, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ccclegacy.org/CCC_Brief_History.html>.
"Civilian Conservation Corps." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.history.com/topics/civilian-conservation-corps>.