Civilian Conservation Corps

By: Janay Nixon and Ryan Boldyn

Acronym

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) can also be referred to as the Emergency Conservation Work (EWC) Act.

Creation

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was created in March of 1933. The initial goal of the program was to preserve and restore the resources of America while also utilizing young men as the primary work force. The system targeted young men in an attempt to keep them from unemployment, crime, and severe poverty.

Purpose

The CCC provided unskilled manual labor opportunities to young men. It also implemented a conservation system for natural resources in each state. By the time the program was over, about 3 million young men benefited from the process. It also contributed to the countries need for conservation in forests, farmlands, and parks.
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Accomplishments/ Impacts

  • Planted 3 billion trees across the nation in areas that were barren due to fire, erosion, and lumbering. Approximately half the total reforestation in US history at the time.
  • Improved waterways and built new canals/ditches.
  • Built 30,000 wildlife shelters and replenished habitats with 1 billion fish.
  • Restored historic battlefields and cleared beaches.
  • Due to management from the Army, it taught the nation's youth military discipline, which proved crucial at the outbreak of WWII.
  • Thought by a judge to be responsible for 55% reduction in crime statistics
  • The $25 allotment checks to families boosted the economy across the nation
  • The communities located near the camps had purchases averaging $5,000 a month which kept many small businesses from failing
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America's Reaction

This political cartoon was created on June 17, 1933. It shows Roosevelt shaking hands with international social leaders as he gains control over agriculture. Others were afraid that CCC camps would militarize the young men.
  • Union leaders feared the loss of jobs that could have been filled by union members

    • Also scared the involvement of the army could lead to regimentation of labor

  • The CCC program gained a lot of public support

    • many young men rushed to enroll

    • 67% of a Republican poll supported the program

    • 95% of Californians approved

    • publisher of the Chicago Tribune, Colonel McCormick gave the CCC his support

    • As the CCC faced its second year there was almost a universal approval and praise from the country

    • The Socialist Soviet Union praised the program

    • The positive response encourage Roosevelt to extend it for another year

    • Reports of the accomplishments of the Corps were printed in major newspapers even in those who had opposed the program

Citations


"American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/ccc-introduction/>.

"An Evaluation of the New Deal." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/49g.asp>.

"CCC Brief History." Ccclegacy. CCC Legacy, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ccclegacy.org/CCC_Brief_History.html>.

"Civilian Conservation Corps." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.history.com/topics/civilian-conservation-corps>.