Eating Disorders

Unit 1

Eating disorders

  • abnormal eating condition that often leads to illness and death

  • result of body dissatisfaction
  • 25 million Americans suffer eating disorder- 80% of them female
  • 10% recieve treatment; 35% of them seek treatment from specialists
  • highest mortality rate of any mental illness
  • one half of female adolescents and one-third of male adolescents admit to using fad diets or other destructive health forces

Anorexia Nervosa

  • urge to minimize food portions in response to fear of obesity or other fear
  • highest mortality rate cause by disorder
  • Symptoms
  • slow heart rate
  • low blood pressure
  • denial of hunger
  • loss of appetite
  • extreme thiness
  • dehydration
  • hair loss
  • growth of lanugo


Treatments for Anorexia

  • restoring person to healthy weight
  • resolving cause of eating disorder
  • destroying any thoughts that might lead to or already lead to disorder
  • medication
  • therapy

Effects of Bulimia

  • significant increase in intake of food w/ feeligs of regret following
  • induces vomiting, skipping meals, fastings, excessive exercise, misuse of laxatives, or many of these
  • bingings ususally done in secret to elude being labeled as one with eating disorder
  • Symptoms
  • sore throat
  • sorn enamel
  • decayed teeth from stomach acid
  • dehydration


Treatments for Bulimia

  • nutritional counseling
  • therapy
  • medication

Binge-Eating

  • loss of eating control and excessive overeating
  • overeat, but does not vomit, fast, or excessively exercise
  • becomes obese
  • feels abashed about binging, leading to more binging as emotional relief


Treatments for Binge-Eating Disorder

  • psychotherapy
  • antidepressants