The Republic Times

March 24th, 2016

Exclusive Issue!

This issue of The Republic Times will be dedicated to a conflict that everyone has been talking about- The Archive War. It happened 174 years ago, back when Texas was a new nation fighting for recognition and solid independence. Texans fought to keep government documents in Austin, Texas during the time period in which Mexican armies were raiding Texan towns. The event ceased with the Texan's wishes granted, as the documents remained in Austin.
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What Caused Such a War, and Why Was There Panic in Austin?

It all began with the Santa Fe Expedition- an expedition under the leadership of Hugh McLeod in which 320 Texan men went to claim the land that was not owned by anyone. As Texans went on, Indians attacked, supplies ran out, and they were captured by the Mexican Army. The Mexican Army was upset by President Lamar's actions, and agreed to do raids in Texas. Each raid was one of many, each resulting in the event of the Archive War. The people of Austin panicked due to the raids and the fear of Austin being next.

The War Itself

The Mexicans did not like Mirabeau Lamar's actions. They showed this by sending General Rafael Vasquez and an army of 700 soldiers to attack Goliad, Victoria, San Antonio, and Refugio. General Vasquez eventually returned to Mexico, but that didn't end future raids or subdue the fear of the Texans. President Houston responded to the raids by stating that Texas would move its government papers from Houston to Austin to prevent an attack on the capital from being as drastic as possible. While some saw this as a clever move, several opposed this idea and were not afraid to show it. While the documents were being put in a cart, Angelina Eberly and several others fired a cannon to prevent the documents from being delivered to Houston. The ordeal ended as a success on the Texan's behalf, as the papers remained in Austin.

Aftermath of the Battle

About 6 months later, Mexican troops returned. Led by General Adrian Woll, the army overpowered San Antonio. Texans sent their own militia to defeat the Mexicans and succeeded. They were able to attack the Mexican troop near Salado Creek. Although the men returned to Mexico, they took Texan captives with them. This attack resulted in the Mier Expedition.

Texans were furious with the attack at San Antonio and declared war. The purpose of the expedition was clear- Texas wanted its men back. President Houston sent General Alexander Somervell and approximately 750 soldiers to the Rio Grande to get to Mexico. As they approached their destination, it soon became apparent to General Somervell that they did not have enough materials nor men to go on with the expedition. He requested the retreat of his men, but only about 450 did as he said. The Texans were commanded to get supplies in Mexico and went to the small town of Mier. They were promised that materials would be delivered shortly, but were never given them. Our men decided to attack the town, but found 900 Mexican soldiers waiting for them. The fight ultimately ended with the surrender of Texas' army and they were captured by Mexico. They were headed to Mexico City, where they would be imprisoned. About 2/3 of the captured men escaped, but died of hunger and thirst or were caught again. Once in Mexico City, the men's lives depended on which bean- yes, bean- they picked from a jar. There were only 18 survivors and peace was soon restored between Mexico and Texas thanks to the help of France and Great Britain.

City of Austin Weekly History Meeting

Friday, March 25th, 6:30pm

810 Guadalupe Street

Austin, TX

This week we will be discussing the Archives war, its effects, and how it helped shape our state. Parts for our yearly play will be assigned- we've decided to do the Republic of Texas! Snacks will be provided. Hope to see you there! Ages 6+

What Did Angelina and Sam Have to Say?

"The event, out of a minor act of overthrowing my choices as president, has my feelings rather... amalgamated. I feel respect for Angelina's bravery, as it has helped us in the long run."

-Sam Houston on The Archives War

"I feel as though I did much to help. Who knows where our capital may lie if those documents were brought to Houston? The voices of the Texan people need to be heard. The event does not reflect my personal views on Sam Houston as a president, leader, or person. I respect him and our government, but the papers were not to be moved if we wanted to keep a secure republic."

-Angelina Eberly on the The Archives War