The Fisrt and Second Amendment

The Actual Text!!!

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for address of grievances

Freedom Of Speech

Freedom of speech is the political right to communicate one's opinions and ideas. Freedom of speech and expression has a long history that predates modern international human rights instruments. It is thought that ancient Athens' democratic ideology of free speech may have emerged in the late 6th or early 5th century BC.Two of the most cherished values of the Roman Republic were freedom of religion and freedom of speech.In 2012, A Marine facing dismissal for running a Facebook page criticizing the Obama administration is backed now by a team of lawyers and federal congressmen as he fights to stay in the military and test its age-old policy of limiting the free speech of service members. I feel Freedom of speech is an important amendment because this was a key opponent that the colonists ran from in Britian.This is one of the many reasons people from around the world come to America.

Freedom of Religion

Freedom of religion states that everyone has the right to worship as they please. Freedom of religion was first applied as a principle of government in the founding of the colony of Maryland, founded by the Catholic Lord Baltimore, in 1634. Fifteen years later in 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act, drafted by Lord Baltimore, provided: "No person or persons...shall from henceforth be any waies troubled, molested or discountenanced for or in respect of his or her religion nor in the free exercise thereof." The Maryland Toleration Act was repealed during the Cromwellian Era with the assistance of Protestant assemblymen and a new law barring Catholics from openly practicing their religion was passed. In its 2011 annual report, the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom designated fourteen nations as "countries of particular concern". The commission chairman commented that these are nations whose conduct marks them as the world's worst religious freedom violators and human rights abusers.I feel that this amendment is extremely important because now we can all pray freely without the thought of someone belittling us and Persicutng us. This was one of the only places people can be free with their own religion no matter which one they are.

Freedom of Press

The Freedom of Press means that people have the right to say what they want to say with the use of different media and public work. Near v. Minnesota was a United Staes Supreme Court decision in 1930, that recognized the freedom of press by roundly rejecting prior restraints on publication, a principle that was applied to free speech generally in subsequent jurisprudence. 44 Liquormart, Inc. v. Rhode Island was a United States Supreme Courtcase in 1988, which the Court held that a complete ban on the advertising of alcohol prices was unconstitutional under the First Amendment and that the Twenty-first Amendment, empowering the states to regulate alcohol, did not operate to lessen other constitutional restraints of state power. I feel that Freedom of the Press Is one the least important idea that is touched on in the first amendment. I think this because if freedom of press wasn’t part of the first amendment, we would still abide by it due to freedom of speech.

Freedom to Assemble

Freedom of Assembly is the right to come together, and express a comman interest. In England, the king didn’t give the colonists the right to assemble. If they tried to Assemble for a cause, they King would amidiatly disperse the assembley and try someone for high treason. Today, there are Protests(an Assembly) about things ranging from Gun Control, to womens rights, and even to the first amendment. I feel the freedom of Assembly is a very important part of the first amendment because this gives the right to disagree with the government in public. This helps me show my emotion and gives me the right to persuade my fellow Americans.

Right to Petition

Right to Petition

The Right to Petition is a part of the first amendment that prohibits Congress from limiting the right of the people to Petition the Government. Historically, the right can be traced back to English documents such as Magna Carta, which, by its acceptance by the monarchy, implicitly affirmed the right, and the later Bill of Rights 1689, which explicitly declared the "right of the subjects to petition the king." Today, people use the right to petition in an everyday life. From Petitioning against your teacher, to petitioning your government, life wouldn’t be the same with the right to petition. I feel the right to petition is very nessecary to have because without this we couldn’t portrait your emotion, which is the key point of this first amendment.

The 2nd Amendment

The Second Amendment is the part of the United States Bill of Rights that protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms. The ink had hardly dried on the ratification papers of the Constitution before a political movement was undertaken to amend the framing document to declare gun ownership as a right. A select committee assembled to review amendments proposed by James Madison authored the language that would become the Second Amendment to the Bill of Rights: “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.” During this day and age, this is one of the most talked about amendment in the constitution. There are many disagreements on mainly where the line is drawn; If the court should use judicial activism or restraint. Now, Obama signed 23 executive actions which don't require congressional approval to strengthen existing gun laws and take related steps on mental health and school safety. I feel that the courts should be judicial activists and make the line at hand guns. I feel that assult weapons and nuclear weapons should be illegal. Once the guns of mass destruction are out of America, we will be a lot safer and I can garentee that the death rate will be lower.